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  A young enslaved Black woman working on a colonial Pennsylvania farm.
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A series of pages exploring
various aspects of enslavement in Pennsylvania

Cumberland County, PA Slaveholders N - R

Slaveholders Listed on this Page

  1. Nelson, Robert (Enslaved persons listed: Chloe)
  2. Nelson, William (Enslaved persons listed: Negro Jack)
  3. Nicholson, James --Newton Twp. (Enslaved persons listed: Diana, Pegg, Sal)
  4. Nicholson, James --Mifflin Twp. (Enslaved persons listed: Betsy)
  5. Noble, James (Enslaved persons listed: George, Ducilla, Jacob, Violet, Prudence, Thursday)
  6. Orr, John (Enslaved persons listed: Thom White, Thom Black, Nell York)
  7. Parker, Andrew (Enslaved persons listed: Poll, Hannah)
  8. Parker, Isaac Brown (Enslaved persons listed: Richard)
  9. Parker, James (Enslaved persons listed: Ebit, Tom, Charity)
  10. Parkison, Richard (Enslaved persons listed: Bob)
  11. Patterson, James (Enslaved persons listed: Eunice)
  12. Patterson, Capt. William (Enslaved persons listed: Catto)
  13. Pattison, Charles (Enslaved persons listed: unnamed slave)
  14. Patton, Elizabeth (Enslaved persons listed: Sally)
  15. Patton, Matthew (Enslaved persons listed: Sally)
  16. Pawling, Henry (Enslaved persons listed: Pegg, Dina, Jim, Tom, Tom (2), Sam, Cezar, Cato, Nanci, Prudence, Bob, Bet, Jack, Bella)
  17. Peebles, William (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named Negro boy)
  18. Peoples, Robert (Enslaved persons listed: Peg, Tom)
  19. Peirce, Paul (Enslaved persons listed: Joe, James)
  20. Pierce, Joseph (Enslaved persons listed: Seneca, Bill, Dick)
  21. Poe, James (Enslaved persons listed: Sady, Haddy, Fabley, Jacob, Ritter, Nan, Mackey, Joe)
  22. Pollock, James (Enslaved persons listed: Dina, Sophia, Romeo)
  23. Pollock, James -- East Pennsboro (Enslaved persons listed: Venus)
  24. Poples, Robert (Enslaved persons listed: Jo, Palm, Ruth, Nell, Pegg)
  25. Postlethwaite, Samuel (Enslaved persons listed: Frank, Liatt, Patience, Hannah, Polly, Sam, Tom)
  26. Postlethwaite, Samuel, Jailer (Enslaved persons listed: Jack, Sam)
  27. Potter, James (Enslaved persons listed: Jack)
  28. Potts, Hugh H. (Enslaved persons listed: Jack, Samuel)
  29. Power, William (Enslaved persons listed: Lucy, Patience)
  30. Ramsey, Mary (Enslaved persons listed: Jacob)
  31. Raum, John (Enslaved persons listed: Maria, George Watts)
  32. Reed, Francis (Enslaved persons listed: Ben)
  33. Reed, James (Enslaved persons listed: Elizabeth, Isaac)
  34. Reed, John (Enslaved persons listed: Carey, Grant)
  35. Rees, Jeremiah (Enslaved persons listed: Phillis)
  36. Reynolds, John (Enslaved persons listed: Dave, Jim, Edmon)
  37. Rham, Jacob (Enslaved persons listed: Tom)
  38. Richardson, Edmond (Enslaved persons listed: Bill)
  39. Rippey, John (Enslaved persons listed: Charles, Gustus)
  40. Rippey, Samuel (Enslaved persons listed: Rob, Matt, Ann, Nell)
  41. Rippey, Samuel Sr. (Enslaved persons listed: Doll, George)
  42. Rippey, Capt. William (Enslaved persons listed: Flora, Dick, Jem, Beaner, Dina, Tom, Hannah, Mattes, Claressa, Jane, Un-named Negro man)
  43. Robinson, William (Enslaved persons listed: Lucy)

Enslavement Data

  • Slaveholder Name Nelson, Robert
    City or Township Fermanaugh Township
    Occupation Farmer
    Notes Registered in 1780 with Samuel Coran of Fermanaugh Twp.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Chloe
      Age: 10
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record September 13, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Nelson, William
    City or Township
    Occupation
    Notes Surname may also be spelled "Nilson."

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Age: ? (adult)
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Cumberland County court Indictments: "Alexander Lindsay & Negro Jack, a slave of William Nelson (Nilson) stole 1 pr. of leather saddle bags, 3 linen shirts, 1 linen stock, 2 pr. of woolen stockings, 1 pr. of shoes & 1 pr. of silver shoe buckles from Nathan Hays (Jan. 12)"
      Date of Record January 12, 1782
      Source: Schaumann, Indictments--1750-1800, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Item #1022.

  • Slaveholder Name Nicholson, James
    City or Township Newton Township
    Occupation
    Notes Two Blacks living in the James Nicholson household were listed as members of Big Springs Presbyterian Church: Sal and Pomp. Sal is the mother of Diana, and known to be a slave. Pomp does not appear in any slave records and may be a free Black.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Diana
      Age: Infant at time of registration.
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1791-April 15
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Diana's mother was listed in 1791 Registration as "Sal."
      Date of Record 1791
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Pegg
      Age: Infant at time of registration.
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1794-March 11
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1794
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Sal
      Age: ?
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Mother of Diana. Sal is listed in the 1789 membership records of Big Spring Presbyterian Church, under the household of James Nicholson. Also listed in the same household is Pomp, whose status is not determined.
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Alosi, "Slavery in Post Revolutionary Cumberland County, 1780-1810," page 55.

  • Slaveholder Name Nicholson, James (2)
    City or Township Mifflin Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Betsy
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1807-December 22
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1808
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Noble, James
    City or Township Carlisle
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Age:
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1826-July 18
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1826 Registration lists George's mother as "negro Patience."
      Date of Record 1826
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Ducilla
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1813-December 18
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Ducilla's status as a slave is confirmed as late as 1833, by researcher Ruth Hodge of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In an article printed in the Harrisburg, Pennsylvania Patriot-News, it is noted that Hodge has located a roster listing John Noble as the owner of "a 'mulatto' woman named Ducille." (Matt Miller, "Researcher etches vivid black history," The Patriot-News, Cumberland County 250th Anniversay Supplement,(Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) January 27, 2000. Page 8.)
      Date of Record 1813
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Jacob
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1811-November 06
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1811
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Violet
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1812-December
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1813
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Prudence
      Age:
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1820-April 13
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1820 Registration lists Prudence's mother as "negro Patience."
      Date of Record 1820
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Thursday
      Age:
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1824-July 29
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1824 Registration lists Thursday's mother as "negro Patience."
      Date of Record 1824
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Orr, John
    City or Township East Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: White, Thom
      Age: 01
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1788-October 09
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Black, Thom
      Age: 01
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1788-September 21
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: York, Nell
      Age: 04
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1785-July 17
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Parker, Andrew
    City or Township East Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Poll
      Age: -
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1795-March 14
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1795 Registration lists Poll's mother as "mulatto mother- Beck."
      Date of Record 1795
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Hannah
      Age: -
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1793-March 28
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1793 Registration lists Hannah's mother as a Mulatto.
      Date of Record 1793
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Parker, Isaac Brown
    City or Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Richard
      Age: 16
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1795-May 06
      Description: Negro
      Status: Manumitted at age 16, Indentured to age 28
      Notes: It is unclear why Isaac Brown Parker legally manumitted Richard, then drew up a deed of indenture to bind the former slave to serve until his twenty-eighth birthday. Richard would have been bound for that length of time anyway under the Gradual Emancipation Act of 1780. According to the indenture, Parker paid Richard the sum of one dollar at the time of the indenture, and agreed to outfit him with "one Suit of Apparel which shall be new" upon the expiration of the indenture.

      The date of birth for Richard should be considered approximate, and may have been fixed upon at the time of the indenture, as he is described in the indenture as "aged about Sixteen years." To read the entire document, click on the hyperlinked source, below.
      Date of Record 1811
      Source: INDENTURE OF THE NEGROE RICHARD

  • Slaveholder Name Parker, James
    City or Township East Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Ebit
      Age: 06
      Sex: Undetermined
      Date of Birth: 1783-July 31
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Age: 06
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1783-April 03
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Charity
      Age: 01
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1788-April 06
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Parkison, Richard
    City or Township Middleton Township
    Occupation Farmer
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Bob
      Age: 06
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1774 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 28, 1780
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

  • Slaveholder Name Patterson, Capt. William
    City or Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Catto
      Age: 60a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1720 (calculated)
      Description: Man
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

  • Slaveholder Name Patterson, James
    City or Township West Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Eunice
      Age: 12a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Description: Wench
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

  • Slaveholder Name Pattison, Charles
    City or Township Carlisle Borough
    Occupation
    Notes  

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Name not reported
      Age: Age not known
      Sex: Sex not known
      Date of Birth: Prior to 1768
      Description: "Negro"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Pattison was assessed for one "Negro" in Carlisle, in 1768.
      Date of Record 1768
      Source History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Chicago: Warner & Beers & Co. 1886, p. 221.

  • Slaveholder Name Patton, Elizabeth
    City or Township Peters Township
    Occupation Widow
    Notes The enslaved person Sally was willed to Elizabeth by her husband Matthew upon his death in 1778.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Sally
      Age: ?
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: "Negro Wench"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Upon his death in 1778, Matthew Patton of Peter's Township, Cumberland County willed Sally to his wife Elizabeth.
      Date of Record January, 1778
      Source: Will of Matthew Patton, 1778

  • Slaveholder Name Patton, Matthew
    City or Township Peters Township
    Occupation
    Notes Born in 1705, died in 1778. Husband of Elizabeth, to whom he willed his Negro slave Sally.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Sally
      Age: ?
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: "Negro Wench"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Upon his death in 1778, Matthew Patton of Peter's Township, Cumberland County willed Sally to his wife Elizabeth.
      Date of Record January, 1778
      Source: Will of Matthew Patton, 1778

  • Slaveholder Name Pawling, Henry
    City or Township Antrim Township (modern Franklin County)
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dina
      Age: 18
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1762 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Pegg
      Age: 15
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Jim
      Age: 21
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1759 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Age: 26
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1754 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Age: 28
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1752 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Sam
      Age: 33
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1747 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Cezar
      Age: 56
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1724 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Researcher John Alosi, in reading the original handwritten registration, transcribes this slave's name as "Gajar," believing it to be an African name. In that none of Pawling's other slaves had African names, this is unlikely.(Alosi, p.32)
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    8. Enslaved Person's Name: Cato
      Age: 32
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1748 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    9. Enslaved Person's Name: Nanci
      Age: 12
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    10. Enslaved Person's Name: Prudence
      Age: 01
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1779-October (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Age as noted on registration was 10 months.
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    11. Enslaved Person's Name: Bob
      Age: 01
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1779-August (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Age as noted on registration was 12 months.
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    12. Enslaved Person's Name: Bet
      Age: 02
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1778 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    13. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Age: 04
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1776 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    14. Enslaved Person's Name: Bella
      Age: 15
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record August 23, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Peebles, William
    City or Township Carlisle
    Occupation Innkeeper
    Notes Kept the Sign of the Black Horse tavern on (modern) West King Street in Carlisle irregularly from 1771-1775. He was appointed to a captaincy in the Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment in 1776, but was captured and died that same year. (Schaumann, Taverns of Cumberland County Pennsylvania, 1750-1840, page 77)

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ?
      Age: ? "boy"
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Found in inventory of Captain William Peebles, taken 07 March, 1777. Also listed was the time of a servant girl.
      Date of Record March 07, 1777
      Source: Schaumann, Taverns of Cumberland County Pennsylvania, 1750-1840, page 77

  • Slaveholder Name Peoples, Robert
    City or Township Hamilton Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Peg
      Age: 23
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1757 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Wench
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 27, 1780
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Age: Not recorded
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth:
      Description: "Negroe Man"
      Status: Captured runaway
      Notes: Captured and imprisoned in the workhouse in Philadelphia, this person identified himself as an escaped slave belonging to Robert Peoples. Text of jailor's ad:
      THERE is now confined in the Work-House of the city and county of Philadelphia, the following persons, on suspicion of being RUN AWAY SERVANTS, --- viz.
      TOM, a Negroe Man, says that he belongs to Robert Peoples, in Shippen's town, in Cumberland county.
      The owners are desired to come, prove property, pay charges and take them away, otherwise they will be sold for their fees in six weeks after date. CLEMENT SMITH, Keeper of the Work-House.
      Jan. 29, 1785.
      Date of Record February 2, 1785
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, February 2, 1785.

  • Slaveholder Name Pierce, Joseph
    City or Township West Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Ben
      Age: -
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1800-May 11
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1800
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Seneca
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1801-March 28
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1801
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Bill
      Age: -
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1794-December 19
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1795
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Dick
      Age: -
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1792-August 08
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1792 Registration lists Dick's mother as "Sall."
      Date of Record 1792
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Peirce, Paul
    City or Township
    Occupation
    Notes Peirce described his location as "near Carlisle."

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Joe
      Age: "twenty years old"
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: circa 1759
      Description: "Mulatto slave"
      Status: Slave for life--escaped
      Notes: Joe escaped on July 27, 1779 with James, listed below. Peirce placed the following runaway slave advertisement in Philadelphia newspapers:
      FIFTY POUNDS REWARD.
      RAN AWAY on the 27th of July last, from the subscriber near Carlisle, in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, a Mulatto slave named JOE, twenty years old, five feet eight or nine inches high, thick and well set; had on a tow shirt and trowsers, new shoes and buckles, and a wool hat. Also a Negro man named JAMES, thirty years old, five feet ten inches high, slender made; had on a tow shirt and trowsers, old felt hat, and half-worn shoes. Whoever takes up said slaves and secures them in any gaol, so that their master may have them again, shall have the above reward, or Twenty-five Pounds for each, paid by
      PAUL PEIRCE.
      August 6.
      Peirce may have captured Joe, but not James, as he later ran addidtional advertisements seeking only James, and in which he eventually upped the reward to 100 Pounds and added as a contact "RICHARD MOORE, in Third street, next door to the Bunch of Grapes tavern." The additinal ads were in February and April 1780.
      Date of Record 06 August 1779
      Source: Dunlap's Pennsylvania Packet and General Advertiser, 21 August 1779.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: James
      Age: 30-35 (Peirce initially gave James' age as 30, then changed it to 35)
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: between 1745 and 1750
      Description: "Negroe Man"
      Status: Slave for life--Runaway
      Notes: James escaped from Peirce on 27 July 1779 in company with Joe, listed above. Peirce placed an advertisement for both in August 1779. See Joe, above, for that ad. In February, Peirce advertised for only James, perhaps suggesting he had recaptured Joe. Text of February follow up runaway slave advertisement for James:
      FIFTY POUNDS Reward.
      RAN away, the 27th of July last, from the subscriber, in Cumberland county, near Carlisle, a Negroe Man, named JAMES, 35 years old, 5 feet 10 inches high, slender made, of a spare visage, and one of his legs a little thicker about the small than the other. Had on, when he went away, tow shirt and trowsers, old felt hat, and half worn shoes. Whoever takes up said slave, and secures him in any goal, so that his master may have him again, shall have the above reward, and reasonable charges, paid by PAUL PEIRCE."
      Pierce later ran an additional advertisement in which he upped the reward to 100 Pounds and added as a contact "RICHARD MOORE, in Third street, next door to the Bunch of Grapes tavern." The second ad was dated April 27, 1780.
      Date of Record February 23, 1780
      Source: Pennsylvania Gazette, February 23, 1780.

  • Slaveholder Name Poe, James
    City or Township Antrim Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Sady
      Age: 15a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1765 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Haddy
      Age: 17
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1763-March
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Fabley
      Age: .5
      Sex: Undetermined
      Date of Birth: 1780-May
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Jacob
      Age: 05a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1775-January
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Ritter
      Age: 20a
      Sex: Undetermined
      Date of Birth: 1760 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Nan
      Age: 30a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1750 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Mackey
      Age: 35a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1735 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

    8. Enslaved Person's Name: Joe
      Age: 02
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1778-December
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

  • Slaveholder Name Pollock, James
    City or Township Carlisle Borough
    Occupation Tavern Keeper--"Sign of the Indian King" Tavern, West High Street, from 1760-1778, and later kept the Carlisle Hotel, at the southwest corner of High and Pitt Streets, from sometime before 1784 until 1786. (Schaumann, Taverns of Cumberland County Pennsylvania, 1750-1840, p 30-32.)
    Notes Assessed in 1768 for two "Negroes" in Carlisle Borough (History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Chicago: Warner & Beers & Co. 1886, p. 221.)

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dina
      Age: 08a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1781 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Girl
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Sophia
      Age: 04a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1785 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Girl
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Romeo
      Age: ? (adult)
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Indicted in Cumberland County court in 1800 as follows: "Negro Romeo the slave of James Pollock, Negro Phill the slave of William Blair and Negro Dick the property of John Carothers, Esq. for riot & mayhem, and knocking out one of Jacob Jacob's foreteeth, as he was going to his lodging down Hanover St. at night. (March 17) Tent: William Blair (Mar 17)."
      Date of Record March 17, 1800
      Source: Schaumann, Indictments--1750-1800, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Item #2163.

  • Slaveholder Name Pollock, James
    City or Township East Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes Husband of Ann Pollock, brother of Oliver Pollock.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Venus
      Age: Not recorded, but described as a "wench"
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: Prior to 1790
      Description: "Negro wench"
      Status: To serve up to ten additional years from proving of will
      Notes: Willed by James Pollock to his wife, Ann. Pollock specified "The negro wench, Venus, not to serve more than ten years..."
      Date of Record Will dated 24 September 1790
      Source: William Henry Egle, Notes and Queries, XIII, First and Second Series, Volume II, page 73.
  • Slaveholder Name Pollock, Oliver
    City or Township
    Occupation
    Notes Mentioned as the previous owner of Aaron Dorset, a runaway slave from a Lancaster owner.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Cloe
      Age: 18
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1782 -- December
      Description: Negro Girl
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Originally registered by William Kelso in Carlisle in 1789, Cloe passed to Kelso's daughter Rebeckah sometime after his death. Rebeckah transferred Cloe to John Harland, a Philadelphia merchant, in 1794, who sold the girl to Peter Gerandan for 118 Spanish milled dollars. Gerandan sold Cloe two months later to L. Crousillat, who sold her in 1795 to Oliver Pollack, all for the same 118 Spanish milled dollars. Pollack sold the girl in November, 1796, to Andrew Carothers for sixty pounds.
      Date of Record November 21, 1796
      Source: Slave transfer from Rebeckah Kelso to John Harland

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Dorset, Aaron
      Age: 40a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1759 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Bought from Benjamin Chew, in Dover, Delaware. Subsequently sold to James Crawford in Lampeter, Lancaster County. Dorset ran away from Crawford in May, 1799. See the runaway ad under "Crawford, James" in the Lancaster County section.
      Date of Record May 11, 1799
      Source: Lancaster Journal

  • Slaveholder Name Poples, Robert
    City or Township Shippensburg
    Occupation
    Notes Surname may also be "Peebly."

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jo
      Age: .1
      Sex: Undetermined
      Date of Birth: 1788-August 14
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1788
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Palm
      Age: 08
      Sex: Undetermined
      Date of Birth: 1780-May 19
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: This slave may have legally been registered as a slave for life, from the birthdate.
      Date of Record 1788
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Ruth
      Age: 06
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1782-July 25
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1788
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Nell
      Age: 04
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1784-September 25
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1788
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Pegg
      Age: 02
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1786-August 30
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1788
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Postlethwaite, Samuel
    City or Township Carlisle
    Occupation
    Notes By 1804, the registrations listed Samuel Postlethwaite as "Esquire." See also, Postlethwaite, Samuel, as County Jailer  Born 1736/7 in Lancaster County, son of John Postlethwaite.  Married Matilda Rose in 1760, in Lancaster.  Died August 24, 1810 "in his 72d year."  (Egle's Notes and Queries, Annual Volume 1900, XXXII, p. 172)

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Frank
      Age: 05
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1784-January 05
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Liatt
      Age: 01
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1793-August 10
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1794 Registration lists Liatt's mother as "Doll."
      Date of Record 1794
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Patience
      Age: -
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1795-June 18
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1795 Registration lists Patience's mother as "Doll-mulatto slave."
      Date of Record 1795
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Hannah
      Age: 07
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1782-May 12
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Polly
      Age: -
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1798-October 14
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1799
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Sam
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1801-March 03
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1801 Registration lists Sam's mother as "Doll-mulatto."
      Date of Record 1801
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1804-June 29
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1804
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Postlethwaite, Samuel, as County Jailer
    City or Township Carlisle
    Occupation County Jailer
    Notes As County Jailer, Postlethwaite had the responsibility to hold and even sell Blacks who where jailed upon suspicion of being runaways.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Age: ? (man)
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: Negro man
      Status: Runaway--captured
      Notes: "Says he belongs to John Mitchel, as advertised in the Newspapers" Text of jailer's ad:
      "Carlisle, November 15, 1776.
      NOW in the goal of Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, the following persons, viz. Two NEGROE men, the one calls himself JACK, and says he belongs to John Mitchel, as advertised in the Newspapers; the other says his name is GEORGE, and that he belongs to Samuel Willick, in Jersey, opposite to New Castle. ROBERT WOOD, an Englishman, who confesses he belongs to John Gillis, of Baltimore county, Maryland. MURDOCK RYLEY, servant to Felix Doyle, of the Path Valley. And JAMES PARSONS, servant to Stephen Gill, of Baltimore county, Maryland. Their masters are desired to come, pay their fees, and take them out, or they will be sold for the same in three weeks from this date, by SAMUEL POSTLETHWAITE."
      Date of Record November 20, 1776
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Age: ? (man)
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: Negro man
      Status: Runaway--captured
      Notes: "belongs to Samuel Willick, in Jersey, opposite to New Castle." See text of jailer's ad, above.
      Date of Record November 20, 1776
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette

  • Slaveholder Name Potter, James
    City or Township
    Occupation
    Notes Potter seems to have lost a slave from the Gap Tavern, Lancaster County.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Age: 26a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1744 (calculated)
      Description: "Negroe man"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Jack ran away in 1770 from the Gap Tavern, Lancaster County. His escape must have been made all the more difficult by the handcuffs that he wore. Potter's advertisement for Jack's capture appeared in the Pennsylvania Gazette:
      FOUR POUNDS REWARD.
      RUN away, on the 12th of this instant October, from the subscriber, at the Gap Tavern, in Lancaster county, a NEGROE man, named JACK, about 26 years old, 5 feet 5 inches high, a good looking smart speaking fellow, has a scar above his left eye brow, and had on a pair of handcuffs, a felt hat, a brown double breasted jacket, with hair buttons, and green lining, a pair of good buckskin breeches, woolen hose, blue and red mixed, old shoes, and no shirt. Whoever brings the said slave to the subscriber, in Cumberland county, shall receive the above reward, and if secured in any jail, Twenty Shillings reward, paid by me JAMES POTTER.

      Date of Record October 25, 1770
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, October 25, 1770

  • Slaveholder Name Potts, Hugh H.
    City or Township Middleton Township
    Occupation
    Notes 1807 Registration for Jack places Hugh H. Potts in Carlisle.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1806-September 06
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1807
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Samuel
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1805-September 12
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1806
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Power, William
    City or Township Juniata Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Lucy
      Age: 03
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1800-July 02
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1803
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Patience
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1803-February 16
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1803
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Ramsey, Mary
    City or Township Carlisle
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jacob
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1802-November 15
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1803
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Raum, John
    City or Township Shippensburg
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Maria
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1818-January 11
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1818
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Watts, George
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1819-August 01
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1819
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Reed, Francis
    City or Township Carlisle
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Ben
      Age: ? (adult)
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description: Negro
      Status: Undetermined. Referred to as "slave" in document.
      Notes: Indicted in 1797 in Cumberland County as follows: "Negro Ben, slave of Francis Reed of Carlisle, assault & battery on Daniel Morris. Test: Thomas Kernan, Michael Quigley (Oct. 23)"
      Date of Record October 23, 1797
      Source: Schaumann, Indictments--1750-1800, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Item #1806.

  • Slaveholder Name Reed, James
    City or Township Not legible
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Elizabeth
      Age: 21
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1759 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Registered along with an eleven month-old child, probably her son (Isaac).
      Date of Record September 7, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Isaac
      Age: 01 ("eleven months")
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1779 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Registered with a woman, possibly his mother (Elizabeth).
      Date of Record September 7, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Reed, John
    City or Township East Pennsboro Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Carey
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1807-November 24
      Description: Mulatto
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1808
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Grant
      Age: ?
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ?
      Description:
      Status: Undetermined
      Notes: Grant is listed in the 1789 membership records of Big Spring Presbyterian Church, under the household of John Reed.
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Alosi, "Slavery in Post Revolutionary Cumberland County, 1780-1810," pages 54-55.

  • Slaveholder Name Rees, Jeremiah
    City or Township East Pennsboro Township
    Occupation Innkeeper
    Notes Rees operated an inn in Harrisburg, near the ferry, in 1810. This is documented in the book "A Journey to Ohio in 1810" by Margaret Van Horn Dwight. Dwight wrote of staying at Rees' house in November, 1810, while waiting to cross the Susquehanna to East Pennsboro Township on the way to Ohio. While there, Dwight's party was accused by Rees' Black servant of theft. See the entry for Rees on the Dauphin County page for the account.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Phillis
      Age: 01
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1792-September 12
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1793 Registration lists Phillis' mother as "Tira." This may be the "black wench," servant of Jeremiah Rees described by a traveller in 1810 (see notes on Rees, above). An account of the incident is on the Dauphin County pages.
      Date of Record 1793
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Reynolds, John
    City or Township Shippensburg Township
    Occupation
    Notes Son-in-law of Colonel Benjamin Blythe, Sr. of Southampton Township. John Reynolds married Hannah Blythe. Reynolds died sometime in or before 1792, and Hannah remarried to William Leeper. (Will of Colonel Benjamin Blythe, Sr., Southampton Township, Cumberland County. Will dated October 20, 1801. Cumberland County Will Book G, number 94, pages 244-249. Copy of will provided to the Afrolumens Project by Mrs. C. W. Bristley, Fremont, Ohio.)

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dave
      Age: 06
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1782--June
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record March 21, 1789
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Jim
      Age: 04
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1784--April
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record March 21, 1789
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Edmon
      Age: 03 Years and 01 Month
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1786--February
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record March 21, 1789
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

  • Slaveholder Name Rham, Jacob
    City or Township Shippensburg
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Slave Age
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1800-March 18
      Description: Negro Boy
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1800
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Richardson, Edmond
    City or Township Armagh Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Bill
      Age: 11a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1769 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1780
      Source: Slave Returns Listings

  • Slaveholder Name Rippey, Capt. William
    City or Township Shippensburg
    Occupation
    Notes 1780 Registrations appeared on the same sheet as those of Thomas Buchanan, indicating that they may have registered together. (Source 43) Rippey kept the George Washington tavern, located on West King Street at the Branch in Shippensburg, from about 1771-1819. It was built in 1738 by his father Samuel. (Schaumann, Taverns of Cumberland County Pennsylvania, 1750-1840, page 77-78)

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Flora
      Age: 02
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1786-March 18
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Flora's mother, as identified in the 1788 registration, was Dinah, who may be the slave registered in 1780 by Rippey at age 10.
      Date of Record 1788
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Dick
      Age: 30
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1750 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Slave
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 6, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Jem
      Age: 20a
      Sex: Undetermined
      Date of Birth: 1760 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto Slave
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 6, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Beaner
      Age: 25a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto Slave, A Wench
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 6, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Dina
      Age: 10a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Slave
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: See the entry above for Flora, a child of the slave Dinah, registered in 1788 by Rippey.
      Date of Record October 6, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Age: 11a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1769 (calculated)
      Description: Mulatto Boy Slave
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 6, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Hannah
      Age: 01
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1790-April 26
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: 1791 Registration lists Hannah's mother as "wench Rachel, former property of Samuel Rippey, deceased."
      Date of Record 1791
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    8. Enslaved Person's Name: Mattes
      Age: 10a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Boy Slave
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 6, 1780
      Source: Register of Negro and Mulatto Slaves

    9. Enslaved Person's Name: Claressa
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1811-July 10
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Registered in 1811 by Joseph Duncan, Esquire, for William Rippy, Sr., of Shippensburg.
      Date of Record 1811
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    10. Enslaved Person's Name: Jane
      Slave Age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1807-June 24
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1807
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    11. Enslaved Person's Name: ?
      Age: ? "man"
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: ? After 1780?
      Description: "Negro man"
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Found on the inventory of William Rippey, who died on 22 September, 1819. Also listed was the time of a Negro girl. The girl could be any one of several girls already listed here.
      Date of Record After 1819
      Source: Schaumann, Taverns of Cumberland County Pennsylvania, 1750-1840, page 78

  • Slaveholder Name Rippey, John
    City or Township Shippensburg Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Charles
      Age:
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1809-January 03
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1809
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Gustus
      Age:
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1806-September 10
      Description:
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1807
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

  • Slaveholder Name Rippey, Samuel, Sr.
    City or Township Shippensburg
    Occupation
    Notes Died December 1791 and estate liquidated by executors in April 1794. Estate included one enslaved man, age 23. This slaveholder is cross-listed on the Franklin County pages.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Rachel
      Age: Adult of childbearing age
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: Not known
      Description: "Negro Woman"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes: Bequeathed by Samuel Rippey Sr. to his wife Rachel. From Rippey's Last Will and Testament:
      I give and bequeath to my faithfull and beloved wife Rachel Rippey one hundred pounds bond payable by Robert Peoples and also the sum of Ten pounds yearly and every year during the term of her Widowhood. I also give and bequeath to her my said wife my Negro woman named Rachel during the same term, and afterwards the same Negro woman. I give and bequeath to any one or all of my four Children at the option of her said Mistress, I also give and bequeath to her my said wife my Negro Child named Doll but any child or Children born by the said Negro woman in her said mistresses service shall be the property of her my said wife.
      Date of Record 24 November 1790; Will proved 19 December 1791
      Source: "Last Will and Testament of Samuel Rippey," 24 November 1790, Shippensburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book A-222-224.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Doll
      Age: 02
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1786-January 15
      Description: "Negro Child" (from description in will of Samuel Rippey)
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes: Registered in Cumberland County. Bequeathed by Samuel Rippey Sr. to his wife Rachel (see above).
      Date of Record 1788 (Regisration, Cumberland County); 24 November 1790 (Will of Samuel Rippey, Sr.)
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves; "Last Will and Testament of Samuel Rippey," 24 November 1790, Shippensburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book A-222-224.

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: George (name obtained from last will and testament of Samuel Rippey)
      Age: 23a
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1771 (calculated)
      Description: "Negro Man"
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:: Offered for public sale on April 01, 1794, as part of the estate of Samuel Rippey Senior, deceased. The portion of Rippey's Last Will and Testament pertaining to George reads: "I also order that all my lands Tenements goods and chatles, and also my Negro boy named George, except what is herein after otherwise disposed of, be sold and the land and Tenements conveyed by my Executors as soon as convenient after my decease." His executors placed his estate up for sale in the spring of 1794. Text of advertisement:
      "To be Sold, Agreeable to the last Will and Testament of Samuel Rippey, senior, deceased, ABOUT two hundred Acres of good Limestone Land, Patented, adjoining the West end of Shippensburgh, in Franklin County; about the one half of said Tract is cleared and under good fence, a good Orchard, and Stone Dwelling House, and a standing Well of Water; the greatest part of the uncleared Land is Rich Locust Land, intermixed with good Oak and Hickory Timber.--Should it not be Sold before the first day of April next, it will then be exposed to Public Sale, by
      WILLIAM RIPPEY, SAMUEL RIPPEY, } Executors.
      N.B. Will be Sold on the said first day of April, one healthy Negro Man, about 23 years of age recorded agreeable to law; and a large young Horse fit for any business.

      Date of Record January 08, 1794
      Source: Kline's Carlisle Weekly Gazette, January 08, 1794; "Last Will and Testament of Samuel Rippey," 24 November 1790, Shippensburg, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, Will Book A-222-224.

  • Slaveholder Name Rippey, Samuel
    City or Township Hopewell Township
    Occupation Tanner
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Rob
      Age: 22
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1758 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 25, 1780
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Matt
      Age: 09
      Sex: Male
      Date of Birth: 1771 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 25, 1780
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Ann
      Age: 18
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1762 (calculated)
      Description:
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 25, 1780
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Nell
      Age: 01
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1779 (calculated)
      Description: Negro
      Status: Slave for life
      Notes:
      Date of Record October 25, 1780
      Source: John R. Miller Collection, 1750-1914

  • Slaveholder Name Robinson, William
    City or Township Wayne Township
    Occupation
    Notes

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Lucy
      Age: 04a
      Sex: Female
      Date of Birth: 1785 (calculated)
      Description: Negro Girl
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Notes:
      Date of Record 1789
      Source: Registrations of Children of Slaves

 

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