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  A young enslaved Black woman working on a colonial Pennsylvania farm.
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A series of pages exploring
various aspects of enslavement in Pennsylvania

Lancaster County Slaveholders A - B

Slaveholders Listed on this Page

  1. Unknown surnames (Enslaved persons listed: Bob, Charles, Tom, George, Peter)
  2. Allison, John (Enslaved persons listed: Sam)
  3. Allison, Robert (Enslaved persons listed: Bill, George, Peggy, Ephraim)
  4. Ankrim, Archibald (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named female, Minta, Sall)
  5. Anderson, Anna (Enslaved persons listed: Cesar, Eve, Timothy, Bobb)
  6. Anderson, James--Salisbury Township (Enslaved persons listed: Hanna, Un-named female, Dina, Els, Lucy, John Hilton, Maria)
  7. Anderson, James--Donegal Township (Enslaved persons listed: Poll, Bert, Un-named male, Un-named female, Hannah, Patrick, Betty)
  8. Anderson, James, Jr. (Enslaved persons listed: Hanna)
  9. Anderson, James, Rev. (Enslaved persons listed: Dinah, Bell, Plines)
  10. Anderson, Rebecca (Enslaved persons listed: Dinah)
  11. Anderson, Robert (Enslaved persons listed: Moll, Eve)
  12. Anderson, Susannah (Enslaved persons listed: Bell)
  13. Anspach, Frederick (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named adult female)
  14. Arbuckle, William (Enslaved persons listed: Moll, Phill, Harry)
  15. Armor, John (Enslaved persons listed: Daniel)
  16. Armstrong, James (Enslaved persons listed: Joe)
  17. Atchison, John (Enslaved persons listed: Pegg, Cloe, Harry, Cesar)
  18. Atlee, William (Enslaved persons listed: Peggy, Moses)
  19. Bailey, Ann (Enslaved persons listed: Ann)
  20. Bailey, Hanna (Enslaved persons listed: Sarah, Esther, James)
  21. Bailey, James, Esquire (Enslaved persons listed: Fillis, Voilet)
  22. Bailey, Thomas (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named female, Bell, Henry)
  23. Baily, John (Enslaved persons listed: Phillis, Cato, Glasgo, Sarah, Elizabeth, Ester, Fillis, Feb)
  24. Baker, Frederick D. (Enslaved persons listed: Joe, Hannah, Susan Curry, George)
  25. Baker, John (Enslaved persons listed: Dick, Sib)
  26. Bare, Jacob (Enslaved persons listed: Solomon)
  27. Bare, John (Enslaved persons listed: Joe)
  28. Barent, Jacobs (Enslaved persons listed: Jo)
  29. Barns, James (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named female)
  30. Barr, Andreas (Enslaved persons listed: Pation, Thomas)
  31. Barr, Jacob (Enslaved persons listed: Saul Moses)
  32. Barr, Martin Jr. (Enslaved persons listed: Fanny, David, Margret)
  33. Barton, William (Enslaved persons listed: Charlotte)
  34. Bausman, John (Enslaved persons listed: Ned, Un-named male, Un-named female, Jane)
  35. Bausman, William (Enslaved persons listed: Dina, Ned, Jean, Nance, two un-named adults)
  36. Bayly, Margaret (Enslaved persons listed: Rachel)
  37. Bell, Patterson (Enslaved persons listed: Jack, Lid, Harry, Peter)
  38. Bertholff, Baron de Beelen (Enslaved persons listed: Amos Michaels)
  39. Bethel, Susana (Enslaved persons listed: Cato)
  40. Bevins, Wilder (Enslaved persons listed: Isaac)
  41. Bicking, John (Enslaved persons listed: Amos Michaels)
  42. Bigham, James (Enslaved persons listed: Jack)
  43. Bigham, Judith (Enslaved persons listed: Tom)
  44. Bigham, William (Enslaved persons listed: Nan, Kish, Isaac)
  45. Black, Aaron (Enslaved persons listed: Jinn)
  46. Blunston, Mr. (Enslaved persons listed: William Keith)
  47. Boal, William (Enslaved persons listed: Rachel, Jane, Ben)
  48. Boggs, Alexander (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named female, Caesar)
  49. Boggs, Andrew (Enslaved persons listed: Luce, Bill)
  50. Boggs, Francis (Enslaved persons listed: Eliza, Pompey, Cate, Dick, Lid)
  51. Bossler, John (Enslaved persons listed: Rachel, Jane)
  52. Bossler, Thomas (Enslaved persons listed: John)
  53. Boulden, Levi (Enslaved persons listed: Eliza Staats, Thomas Staats, James Staats)
  54. Boulder, Nathan L., M.D. (Enslaved persons listed: George Washington)
  55. Bowsman, John (Enslaved persons listed: Dina)
  56. Boyd, John (Enslaved persons listed: Nancy, Rachel)
  57. Boyd, Nicholas (Enslaved persons listed: Abraham)
  58. Boyd, Samuel (Enslaved persons listed: Fanny, Un-named male, Un-named female, Tom, Jack)
  59. Boyd, Samuel--Drumore Township (Enslaved persons listed: Bet, Adam Parker, Ruth Parker, Jean)
  60. Boyd, Stephen (Enslaved persons listed: Bill Whiper)
  61. Boyd, Thomas (Enslaved persons listed: George)
  62. Boyd, William (Enslaved persons listed: Tobe, Tom, George, Cate, Sarah, Sook, Deb, Mira, Ben)
  63. Breading, David (Enslaved persons listed: Jane)
  64. Breidenhart, Christopher (Enslaved persons listed: Esther)
  65. Breneman, Henry (Enslaved persons listed: Caeser)
  66. Brown, David (Enslaved persons listed: Nance, Sam)
  67. Buchanon, Widow (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named female)
  68. Buckley, Daniel (Enslaved persons listed: Tobe, Tom, Julia, Mira, Dinah Scott)
  69. Burd, James (Enslaved persons listed: Un-named man)
  70. Burg, John (Enslaved persons listed: Jack Robinson)
  71. Buyers, Robert (Enslaved persons listed: Isaac, Barney)

Enslavement Data

  • Slaveholder Name: ??? (07)
    City or Township: Martick Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Bob
      Sex: Male
      Age: 35
      Date of Birth: 1765 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

     

  • Slaveholder Name: ??? (08)
    City or Township: Martick Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Charles
      Sex: Male
      Age: 30
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

  • Slaveholder Name: ??? (09)
    City or Township: Martick Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Sex: Male
      Age: 28
      Date of Birth: 1772 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

  • Slaveholder Name: ??? (10)
    City or Township: Colerain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Sex: Male
      Age: 45
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

  • Slaveholder Name: ??? (11)
    City or Township: Colerain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Peter
      Sex: Male
      Age: 23
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

  • Slaveholder Name: Allison, John
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Sam
      Sex: Male
      Age: "about 40 years of age"
      Date of Birth: Circa 1715
      Status: Slave for life -- self-emancipated
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: Sam escaped from Allison on October 21, 1755. Text of ad placed by Allison to recover him:
      RUN away from the subscriber of Donegall, on the 21st ult.
      A Negro man, named Sam, (who lived once in Maryland) about 40 years of age, a thick stout fellow, about 5 feet 8 inches high, not very black, speaks bad English: Had on when he want away, A new hat, and an old one, an old black and white jacket, of linsey-woolsey, coarse shirt and trowsers, old leather breeches, old black stockings, without feet, old shoes tied with thongs; 'tis supposed he took with him a striped linsey jacket, blue and white, two white shirts, and ont check ditto, a pair of white trowsers, two or three rasors, and a knife or two. Whoever takes up and secures said Negro, and brings him to his Master, shall have Thirty Shillings reward, paid by
      JOHN ALLISON.
      Date of Record: 06 November 1755
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, 06 November 1755

  • Slaveholder Name: Allison, Robert
    City or Township: Little Britain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Bill
      Sex: Male
      Age: 33
      Date of Birth: 1747 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: Status is specified in the 1780 Slave Registrations as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Sex: Male
      Age: 19
      Date of Birth: 1761 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: Status is specified in the 1780 Slave Registrations as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Peggy
      Sex: Female
      Age: 16
      Date of Birth: 1764 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes: Status is specified in the 1780 Slave Registrations as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Ephraim
      Sex: Male
      Age: 03
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes: Status is specified in the 1780 Slave Registrations as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, Anna
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Cesar
      Sex: Male
      Age: 60
      Date of Birth: 1720 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Eve
      Sex: Female
      Age: 46
      Date of Birth: 1734 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Timothy
      Sex: Male
      Age: 04
      Date of Birth: 1776 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Bobb
      Sex: Male
      Age: 02
      Date of Birth: 1778 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro boy
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, James
    City or Township: Salisbury Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Yeoman/Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Hanna
      Sex: Female
      Age: 12
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave during life." Mother of Dina, who was born in May, 1788 and registered as the child of a slave by Anderson at Lancaster on November 13, 1788. (Source: 67) Mother also of Els, born June 03, 1795, Lucy, born about April 23, 1798, John Hilton, born May 08, 1804 and Maria, born March 14, 1807. (all source number 119)
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 30
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census. This could be Hanna, who was registered as a slave by Anderson at Lancaster on October 23, 1780. (Source: 102)
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Dina
      Sex: Female
      Age: .5a
      Date of Birth: 1788-May (calculated)
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto Girl"
      Notes: 1788 Registration gives Dina's age as "about 6 months old." It also notes she was "born of a Slave named Hannah."
      Date of Record: November 13, 1788
      Sources: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780 | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Els
      Sex: Female
      Age: infant at registration
      Date of Birth: 1795-June 03
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro female child"
      Notes: 1795 Registration notes "daughter of negro Hannah," a female slave.
      Date of Record: October 07, 1795
      Sources: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Lucy
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at registration
      Date of Birth: 1798-April 23a
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro female child"
      Notes: 1798 Registration identifies Lucy's mother as "negro Hannah, a female slave."
      Date of Record: August 18, 1798
      Sources: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Hilton, John
      Sex: Male
      Age: Infant at registration
      Date of Birth: 1804-May 08
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro male child"
      Notes: 1804 Registration notes "son of negro Hannah."
      Date of Record: October 03, 1804
      Sources: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Maria
      Sex: Female
      Age: 6 months old at registration
      Date of Birth: 1807-March 14
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro female child"
      Notes: 1807 Registration notes "daughter of negro Hannah," a female slave.
      Date of Record: September 11, 1807
      Sources: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, James (2)
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Peter or Frank
      Sex: Male
      Age: between 21 and 25 years old (see ad)
      Date of Birth:
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe"
      Notes: Ran away in July 1793, but the ad does not specify which slave belongs to which man. Text of ad:
      Sixty Dollars Reward. RAN AWAY from the subscribers, in Donegal township, Lancaster county, on the night of the 20th instant, two likely, active, NEGROE MEN. They are stout well made fellows, and very much alike; the one named PETER, about 25 years of age, 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, and of a pleasant, open countenance. He had on, and took with him, three new shirts, and one old fine one; a wool hat, much worn; a very good homespun cloth coat, with short skirts and flip pockets; one striped vest pattern jacket, and one of calfskin, drest with hair on, and much worn; one pair red and white striped cotton trowsers, and two pair of coarse tow linen; and other cloathing not known. He speaks the English and German languages.

      The other named FRANK, about 21 years of age, 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high, and looks down when spoken to. Had on, and took with him, a new wool hat; a grey coating coat and waistcoat, and a striped cotton waistcoat; one pair of narrow black and white striped cotton trowsers, and one pair of tow cloth, dyed olive green; one pair of white woolen stockings, one pair of thread, soaled with linen, and one pair of cotton. It is supposed the above fellows are gone towards Philadelphia, as they have frequently driven wagons to that place. Whoever secures said Negroes, so that their masters may have them again, shall receive the above reward, or THIRTY DOLLARS for either of them, and reasonable charges, from SAMUEL COOK, JAMES ANDERSON. July 25, 1793.


      Date of Record: July 31, 1793
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, July 31, 1793

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Poll (possibly also known as Mary)
      Sex: Female
      Age: 15
      Date of Birth: 1765 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: Possible mother of Hannah and Patrick. This could also be the female slave enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census as property of James Anderson of Donegal Township.
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Bert
      Sex: Male
      Age: 12
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes: This could be one of the slaves enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census as property of James Anderson of Donegal Township.
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Male
      Age: 30
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800. This could be "Bert," who was registered on October 21, 1780 as a twelve year-old slave, by James Anderson, Esquire, at Lancaster.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 24
      Date of Birth: 1776 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800. This could be "Poll," who was registered on October 21, 1780 as a slave, at Lancaster, by James Anderson, Esquire, of Donegal Township.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Sources: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Hannah
      Sex: Female
      Age: 02
      Date of Birth: 1786-December 05
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Female Mulatto Child"
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes "Daughter of Poll or Mary." "Their Mother Mary was reg. Lancaster as a slave."
      Date of Record: March 27, 1789
      Sources: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780. | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me. . ."

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Patrick
      Sex: Male
      Age: Infant at time of registration
      Date of Birth: 1789-March 17
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: (county clerk's description) "Mulatto male child"
      Notes: Born on St. Patrick's Day. 1789 Registration notes: "Their Mother Mary was reg. Lancaster as a slave."
      Date of Record: March 27, 1789
      Sources: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780. | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me. . ."

    8. Enslaved Person's Name: Betty
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: 1799--November 15
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: (county clerk's description) "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1799 Registration notes "daughter of negro Phoebe."
      Date of Record: December 19, 1799
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me. . ."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, James Jr.
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Hanna
      Sex: Female
      Age: 09
      Date of Birth: 1771 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 21, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, James, Rev.
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Pastor of Donegal Church
    Notes: Died in 1740, leaving slaves to his wife, Rebecca, son James, and daughter Susannah.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dinah
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1740
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe winch"
      Notes: Mentioned in will of Rev. James Anderson, 1740. Source notes that this is recorded in Lancaster County will book A, page 48. Excerpt: "he leaves to his wife Rebecca, 'ye use and services of the Negroe winch Dinah.' "
      Date of Record: 1740
      Source: Robinson, "Sidelights on Slavery"

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Bell
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1740
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe winch"
      Notes: Mentioned in will of Rev. James Anderson, 1740. Source notes that this is recorded in Lancaster County will book A, page 48. Excerpt: "and to his daughter Susannah, 'the Negroe winch, Bell.' "
      Date of Record: 1740
      Source: Robinson, "Sidelights on Slavery"

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Plines
      Sex: Male
      Age: ? "man"
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1740
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: Could name be possible misspelling of Pliny? Mentioned in will of Rev. James Anderson, 1740. Source notes that this is recorded in Lancaster County will book A, page 48. Excerpt: "to his son James, 'the negro man Plines.' "
      Date of Record: 1740
      Source: Robinson, "Sidelights on Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, Rebecca
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Widow
    Notes: Widow of Rev. James Anderson, who died in 1740. Widow Anderson inherited title to slave Dinah.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dinah
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1740
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe winch"
      Notes: Mentioned in will of Rev. James Anderson, 1740. Source notes that this is recorded in Lancaster County will book A, page 48. Excerpt: "he leaves to his wife Rebecca, 'ye use and services of the Negroe winch Dinah.' "
      Date of Record: 1740
      Source: Robinson, "Sidelights on Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, Robert
    City or Township: Leacock Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Moll
      Sex: Female
      Age: 21a
      Date of Birth: 1745 (calculated)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "Negroe wench"
      Notes: Ran away on August 18, 1766. Text of runaway add placed by Anderson:
      August 21, 1766
      RUN away from the Subscriber, living in Leacock township, Lancaster county, on the 18th instant, a negroe wench, named Moll, about 21 years of age, speaks good English; had on, and took with her, when she went away, two Callicoe gowns, a coarse shift and petticoat of hemp cloth, a short black cloak, old shoes and stockings, and a straw hat, but may have other clothes with her, and change her apparel. She was seen at the Upper Ferry, on Schuylkill, on the 20th of this month. Whoever secures said negroe, so that her master may have her again, shall have THREE DOLLARS, reward, and reasonable charges, paid by
      ROBERT ANDERSON.
      N.B. She formerly lived with Mr. John Fullerton of Philadelphia.

      Date of Record: August 28, 1766
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, August 28, 1766

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Eve
      Sex: Female
      Age: 07a
      Date of Birth: 1762 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: Sold by Kirk Ellis, in Cecil County, Maryland, to Robert Anderson of Lancaster County. Source 110 quotes the text of a bill of sale, but does not note the repository for the document: "This Indenture, made the eleventh day of November, Anno domini, one thousand seven hundred and sixty nine, Between Kirk Ellis of Cecil County of the one part and Robert Anderson of Lancaster County, of the other part, Witnesseth: That the said Ellis for himself, his heirs, Exors.and adms. have bargained sold and set over unto the said Robert Anderson, his heirs, exors. and assigns forever, a negro girl called Eve, about seven years old, to be the real property of the said Anderson and his heirs and assigns forever, for the consideration of Forty-five pounds to me in hand paid, which I acknowledge to have received." Signed by Kirk Ellis, on November 11, 1769.
      The source, number 110, then notes: "This slave later came to Brice Clark" but gives no documentation to establish that fact.
      Date of Record: November 11, 1769
      Source: Clark,"Lancaster County's Relation to Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anderson, Susannah
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: Daughter of Rev. James Anderson, who died in 1740. His daughter inherited title to his slave Bell.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Bell
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1740
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe winch"
      Notes: Mentioned in will of Rev. James Anderson, 1740. Source notes that this is recorded in Lancaster County will book A, page 48. Excerpt: "and to his daughter Susannah, 'the Negroe winch, Bell.' "
      Date of Record: 1740
      Source: Robinson, "Sidelights on Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Anspach, Frederick
    City or Township: Lancaster
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 60
      Date of Birth: 1740 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Arbuckle, William
    City or Township: Little Britain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Moll
      Sex: Female
      Age: 60a
      Date of Birth: 1720 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro woman
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Phill
      Sex: Male
      Age: 23a
      Date of Birth: 1757 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro man
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Harry
      Sex: Male
      Age: 05a
      Date of Birth: 1775 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro boy
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Ankrim, Archibald
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: In the 1780 Slave Registrations, Archibald's surname is spelled Ankrum.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 60
      Date of Birth: 1740 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Minta
      Sex: Female
      Age: 27
      Date of Birth: 1753 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro woman
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 27, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Sall
      Sex: Female
      Age: 11
      Date of Birth: 1769 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro girl
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 27, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Armor, John
    City or Township: Salisbury Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Daniel
      Sex: Male
      Age: 13
      Date of Birth: 1767 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 28, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Armstrong, James
    City or Township: Manor Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Joe
      Sex: Male
      Age: Four months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: March 14, 1802
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Negro male child"
      Notes: 1802 Registration notes "son of negro Peggy."
      Date of Record: August 13, 1802
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Atchison, John
    City or Township: Little Britain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Pegg
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro"
      Notes: In the 1792 Registration of Pegg's son Samuel by Stephen Long of Little Britain Township, Long notes that Pegg was "registered by John Atchison at Lancaster as a Slave." This is not verified by the records that I have seen so far. Atchison registered three slaves in 1780 at Lancaster: Harry, Cloe and Cesar.
      Date of Record: June 15, 1792
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Cloe
      Sex: Female
      Age: 35
      Date of Birth: 1745 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Harry
      Sex: Male
      Age: 20
      Date of Birth: 1760 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Cesar
      Sex: Male
      Age: 05
      Date of Birth: 1775 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 23, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Atlee, William
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Esquire
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Peggy
      Sex: Female
      Age: 40a ("or thereabouts")
      Date of Birth: 1740 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro Woman"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies "slave for life."
      Date of Record: September 18, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Moses
      Sex: Male
      Age: 08a ("or thereabouts")
      Date of Birth: 1772 (calculated)
      Status: See notes.
      Description: "Negro Boy"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration notes that Moses is a "Servant for about 4 years yet to come and the property, as he believes, of George or Francis Sanderson as a slave during life."
      Date of Record: September 18, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bailey, Ann
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Widow
    Notes: Widow of Thomas Bailey.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Ann
      Sex: Female
      Age: Two months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: "born about June 11, 1815"
      Status: Slave to the age of 28 years.
      Description: "Negro child"
      Notes: Text of 1815 Registration: "Ann Bailey of Donegal Township, widow of Thomas Bailey late of said township, farmer, returns a negro child named Ann, daughter of negress Esther, a slave for life, the property of her late husband, Thomas Bailey, deceased, now of his legal representatives, said child was born about June 11, 1815, and liable to serve till she arrives at the age of 28 years."
      Date of Record: August 19, 1815
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bailey, Hanna
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Widow
    Notes: Widow of John Baily. Hanna's widow status was first recorded here in 1795, with the registration of the slave child Esther. It was also noted with the recording in 1797 of the slave child James, which was done by her attorney James Bailey (spelled Bayly in the registration). James Bailey also registered the slave child Rachel for Margaret Bayly of Donegal Township.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Sarah
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? ("woman")
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Manumitted 1807
      Description: "Negro Woman"
      Notes: Sarah was manumitted through the last will and testament of Hanna Bailey. Dr. Maxwell McDowell, executor of the last will and testament of Hanna Bailey, late of Donegal Township, deceased, recorded the manumission of Sarah, a "Negro Woman, late the property of the said Hanna."
      The only record I can find of a slave named Sarah in the Bailey family is one registered to John Baily, of Donegal Township. Despite the different spelling of surnames, a common occurence in old records, John Baily was the husband of Hanna Bailey.
      Sarah was the mother of Esther, born March 19, 1795, and James, born December 12, 1796.
      Date of Record: June 03, 1807
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780, page 80

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Esther
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at Registration.
      Date of Birth: March 19, 1795
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1795 Registration notes "daughter of negro Sarah, a negro female slave."
      Date of Record: July 11, 1795
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: James
      Sex: Male
      Age: Five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: "born on or about December 12, 1797"
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "male child"
      Notes: 1797 Registration notes "son of negro Sarah."
      Date of Record: May 31, 1797
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bailey, James, Esquire
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Fillis
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro"
      Notes: 1789 Registration of Fillis' daughter Voilet notes that Voilet's mother "was duly Entered & Registered by John Bayley at Lancaster the 19th October 1780 as a Slave."
      Date of Record: March 04, 1789
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Voilet (Violet)
      Sex: Female
      Age: 07
      Date of Birth: 1781-June 09
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro Female Child"
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes: "Daughter of fillis a negro Slave." Possible mother of Henry, born in October 1805 and registered by Thomas Bailey on March 07, 1806.
      Date of Record: March 04, 1789
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780 | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bailey, Thomas
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Miller
    Notes: Son of John Baily. Husband of Ann Bailey.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 24
      Date of Birth: 1776 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Bell
      Sex: Female
      Age: Five months old at Registration
      Date of Birth: March 31, 1792
      Status: Slave to the age of 28 years
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1792 Registration (county clerk's notation) "daughter of negro Esther, the property of father John Baily." After John Baily died, ownership of Esther passed to Thomas Bailey, and after his death, to "his legal representatives." (see the notes for the slave Ann, registered by Bailey's widow, Ann)
      Date of Record: September 05, 1792
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Henry
      Sex: Male
      Age: About five months old at Registration
      Date of Birth: "born middle of October 1805"
      Status: Slave to the age of 28 years
      Description: "Mulatto male child"
      Notes: 1806 Registration notes "son of Violet an indentured servant, bound to 28 years." Violet was registered by James Bailey in March, 1789. This makes the enslavement of her son Henry illegal, according to the intent of the Gradual Abolition Act.
      Date of Record: March 07, 1806
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Baily, John
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: Husband of Hanna Bailey, father of Thomas Bailey.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Phillis
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? (adult--see notes)
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes: 1780 Registration includes the note: "Ginny born, her age unknown." Her placement in the order of registration seems to indicate an adult, and she is described as a woman.
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Cato
      Sex: Male
      Age: 35
      Date of Birth: 1745 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Glasgo
      Sex: Male
      Age: 16
      Date of Birth: 1764 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Sarah
      Sex: Female
      Age: 12
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: A Negro woman named Sarah, "late the property of the said Hanna [Bailey, of Donegal Township]," was manumitted in June, 1807. Hanna Bailey was the wife of John Baily. This is very likely the same person. See the slaveholder "Bailey, Hanna." Children of Sarah are included under the slaveholder Hanna Bailey.
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Elizabeth
      Sex: Female
      Age: 10
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Ester
      Sex: Female
      Age: 08
      Date of Birth: 1772 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: Mother of Bell, born March 31, 1792 and registered at Lancaster by Thomas Baily as his property. (Source 119) Mother of Ann, born about June 11, 1815 and registered by the widow of Thomas Bailey, Ann Bailey.
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Fillis
      Sex: Female
      Age: 04
      Date of Birth: 1776 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    8. Enslaved Person's Name: Feb
      Sex: Female
      Age: 01
      Date of Birth: 1779 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro child"
      Notes:
      Date of Record: October 14, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Baker, Frederick D.
    City or Township: Salisbury Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Joe
      Sex: Male
      Age: 12a
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave during life."
      Date of Record: October 26, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Hannah
      Sex: Female
      Age: 16a
      Date of Birth: 1786 (calculated)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "negro wench"
      Notes: Text of runaway ad: "TEN DOLLARS REWARD. RAN away from the subscriber, living in Salisbury township Lancaster county, on Monday the 26th of July, a negro wench, named Hannah, about 16 years of age, about 5 feet high, stout and well made about the shoulders, small round her waist, she is right black, of a smooth skin, big eyes, and when she looks at one, turns out the white of her eyes very much; had no clothes on or with her but a shift and tow linsey peticoat of a bark colour, a copperas coloured handkerchief. She was raised in Newcastle county, state of Delaware.
      Whoever secures said negro wench, so that the owner may get her again, shall receive the above reward and reasonable charges paid if brought home.
      FREDERICK BAKER. July 31."

      Hannah ran away again in 1810: "10 DOLLARS REWARD. RAN AWAY on the morning of the 18th inst. from the subscriber, living in Salisbury township, Lancaster county, a negro woman named HANNAH, about 24 years old, 5 feet high, has a very black smooth skin, is a little marked by the side of one of her eyes, rocks when she walks and shows the white of her eyes very much when looking at a person. Had on and took with her a striped linsey petticoat and short-gown, two pink calico gowns, a white petticoat, straw hat with a yellow ribbon, a red bandanna handkerchief and sundry other articles not recollected. Whoever takes up said runaway and secures her in any jail so that her master can get her again, shall receive the above reward, and all reasonable expences if brought home.
      FREDERICK BAKER. May 26, 1810."
      Date of Record: July 31, 1802
      Source: Lancaster Journal

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Curry, Susan
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? (adult)
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negress"
      Notes: Mother of George, born June 05, 1815.
      Date of Record: November 22, 1815
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Sex: Male
      Age: Five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: June 05, 1815
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro or mulatto male child"
      Notes: Text of 1815 Registration: "Frederick D. Baker of Salisbury Township, farmer, returns a negro or mulatto male child named George, son of negress Susan Curry, his servant till she arrives at the age of 28 years[,] said child was born June 5, 1815."
      Date of Record: November 22, 1815
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Baker, John
    City or Township: Lampeter Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dick
      Sex: Male
      Age: Not known, but described as a "man."
      Date of Birth: Not known, but an adult in 1749
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "Negroe man"
      Notes: Dick ran away with another slave, Sib, in 1749. The text of the advertisement placed by John Baker in the Pennsylvania Gazette follows:
      Run away from the subscriber, of Lampeter township, Lancaster county, a Negroe man named Dick, a thick fellow, of middle stature, with scars on his breast and back: Had on when he went away, a blue coat, linsey jacket, and tow trowsers. Also a Negroe woman, named Sib; she had on a striped jacket, and wants the toes of one of her feet. Whoever secures said Negroes in any goal, so as they may be had again, shall have forty shillings reward, and reasonable charges, from JOHN BAKER.

      Date of Record: September 21, 1749
      Source: Pennsylvania Gazette, September 21, 28, 1749

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Sib
      Sex: Female
      Age: Not known, but described as a "woman" in 1749.
      Date of Birth: Not known, but an adult in 1749.
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "Negroe woman"
      Notes: Ran away with another slave, Dick, in 1749. See the entry above for the text of the runaway ad.
      Date of Record: Runaway advertisement: September 21, 1749
      Source: Pennsylvania Gazette, September 21, 28, 1749

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bare, Jacob
    City or Township: Conestoga Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: See "Barr, Jacob," possibly the same person.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Solomon
      Sex: Male
      Age: 35
      Date of Birth: 1765 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

  • Slaveholder Name: Bare, John
    City or Township: Leacock Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Joe
      Sex: Male
      Age: 18a
      Date of Birth: 1781 (calculated)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "Mulatto Boy"
      Notes: Text of runaway ad: "Eight Dollars Reward. RAN-AWAY, on the night of Tuesday the 14th instant, from the Subscriber, living in Leacock township, Lancaster county, a Mulatto Boy, named Joe, about 18 years of age, 5 feet 3 inches high, thick set, of a handsome countenance, and has very black curling hair. He speaks both English and German, has a bold look, but when questioned is very apt to stutter and be confused. He had been ruptured when a child. He had such a variety of clothing that it cannot be well described, except 2 sailor jackets, one of green and the other of a light ash-colour, with a pair of overalls of the same: Also, one half-worn white hat, and a new black wool hat. It is expected he will endeavour to get business as a hostler.
      Whoever secures the said Joe in any Jail so that the Subscriber may get him again, shall receive the above reward, with reasonable charges if brought home.
      JOHN BARE. Jan. 18, 1800."
      Date of Record: January 18, 1800
      Source: 97

  • Slaveholder Name: Barent, Jacobs
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jo
      Sex: Male
      Age: 18
      Date of Birth: 1762 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Mulatto Boy"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 03, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

  • Slaveholder Name: Barns, James
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 45
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

  • Slaveholder Name: Barr, Andreas
    City or Township: Leacock Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Pation
      Sex: Female
      Age: 26a
      Date of Birth: 1754 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 10, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Thomas
      Sex: Male
      Age: 2 years and 2 months
      Date of Birth: 1778- August (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro child"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 10, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

  • Slaveholder Name: Barr, Jacob
    City or Township: Conestoga Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: A "Jacob Bare" was enumerated in the 1800 Septennial census in Conestoga Township, and owned a slave named "Solomon," born about 1765.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Saul Moses
      Sex: Male
      Age: "about 45 or 50 years of age"
      Date of Birth: Circa 1757 to 1762
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "Negro Man"
      Notes: This could be the same person enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census as "Solomon," 35 year old slave to Jacob Bare of Conestoga Township.
      Text of runaway ad: "Six Cents and one Gill of Whiskey REWARD. RAN away from the subscriber, living in Conestogoe township, Lancaster county, on Friday morning, the 17th of August, instant, a Negro Man who calls himself SAUL MOSES, about 45 or 50 years of age, 5 feet 8 inches high, well proportioned in his make. He had on and took with him a swansdown jacket, velvet and striped linen trowsers, half worn roram hat, a new pair of black grain shoes, and another pair of half worn shoes.
      Whoever takes up said run-away and brings him home to his master, shall receive the above reward, but no charges. JACOB BARR. August 21, 1807."
      Date of Record: August 21, 1807
      Source: Lancaster Journal

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Barr, Martin Jr.
    City or Township: Strasburg Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer, Yeoman
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Fanny
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? (adult in 1823)
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Not determined
      Description: "Negress"/"Servant"
      Notes: Mother of David, born December 19, 1822.
      Date of Record: May 27, 1823
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: David
      Sex: Male
      Age: Five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: December 19, 1823
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Child"
      Notes: Text of the 1823 Registration of David: "Martin Barr Jun. of Strasburg Township, farmer, returns David a son of negress Fanny, a servant to the said Martin Barr, until he arrives to the age of 28 years, said child was born December 19, 1822."
      Date of Record: May 27, 1823
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Margret
      Sex: Female
      Age: Six months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: November 16, 1825
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Female negro child"
      Notes: Text of the 1826 Registration of Margret: "Martin Barr of Strasburg Township, yeoman, returns Margret, a female negro child, daughter of ___ servant to the said Martin Barr until she arrives to the age of 28 years, said child was born November 16, 1825."
      Date of Record: May 15, 1826
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Barton, William, Esquire
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Prothonotary of the Court of Common Pleas
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Barker, Charlotte (surname is assumed to match her mother's--see notes)
      Sex: Female
      Age: Five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: March 12, 1804
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1804 Registration notes "daughter of Tabitha Barker a female negro servant."
      Date of Record: August 30, 1804
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bausman, John
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes: Also had a small foundry to make agricultural tools.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Ned
      Sex: Male
      Age: 30a
      Date of Birth: 1767 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life; repeated escape attempts
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: This is possibly the un-named male Negro slave enumerated in the 1800 tax census, born in 1764.

      Ned ran away in 1796. Bausman advertised for his return. Text of runaway ad: "FIVE DOLLARS REWARD. RAN away from the subscriber in the borough of Lancaster, on Sunday the 11th instant, a Negro man, named Ned, thick set, 5 feet 6 or 7 inches high, large feet, very apt to laugh when spoken to, and appears foolish--stutters considerably, --had on, when he went away, a snuff coloured coat, with a red cape, a nankeen jacket, half worn, home-made ribbed breeches, a pair of white cotton stockings, fine shirt, shoes half worn, and a round wool hat. Whoever secures the said Negro, so that his master may get him again, shall receive the above reward, with reasonable charges, if brought home.
      JOHN BAUSMAN. Sept. 16"

      Ned ran away again the next year: "8 Dollars Reward. RAN AWAY from the subscriber, living in the borough of Lancaster, on the 1st inst. a Negro, named Ned; he is 30 odd years old, about 5 feet 6 inches high, pretty well-set; stammers when he is speaking, is remarkable for laughing much, and has very large feet. He had on and took with him, a snuff-coulored coatee with red facing, a new high-crowned wool hat, a corduroy and nankeen waistcoat, 3 pair of trowsers, the one of nankeen, and the two others of blue striped linen; 2 shirts, the one fine, with ruffles, and the other of coarse linen; besides half-worn shoes of calf-skin. Whoever takes him up within 10 miles of Lancaster, shall have 5 Dollars reward; and if taken up more than 20 miles from said place, the above reward of 8 Dollars will be given with compensation for reasonable expenses, provided the owner can get him again.
      JOHN BAUSMAN."
      A male Negro slave, of about Ned's age was returned as belonging to John Bausman in the 1800 Septennial Census, which would indicate that Ned was captured after his second attempt to run away, in 1797.
      Date of Record: September 16, 1796
      Source: 97

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Male
      Age: 36
      Date of Birth: 1764 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census. This is possibly Ned, who ran away in 1796 and again in 1797.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 23
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census. This is probably Jane, who was manumitted in late 1805.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Jane
      Sex: Female
      Age: 25
      Date of Birth: 1777- December 08
      Status: Manumitted 1805
      Description: Mulatto girl
      Notes: Partial text of manumission document: "my Mulatto Girl Jane, aged about twenty five years, five months & twenty two days, on condition however that she do forthwith bind herself by Indenture to serve Christian Lower Esq. of Tolpehocken township in the County of Berks. . .for the term of two years and six months."
      Date of Record: April 02, 1803
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780, page 78

  • Slaveholder Name: Bausman, William
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Innkeeper
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dina
      Sex: Female
      Age: 36a
      Date of Birth: 1744 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life." Possible mother of Nance, born December 25, 1780 and registered by Bausman at Lancaster in 1789.
      Date of Record: October 10, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Ned
      Sex: Male
      Age: 18a
      Date of Birth: 1762 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life." See "Bausman, John" for a listing for "Ned," a runaway, possibly the same person.
      Date of Record: October 10, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Jean
      Sex: Female
      Age: 03
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 10, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Nance
      Sex: Female
      Age: 08
      Date of Birth: 1780--December 25
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes "daughter of negro Dinah, female slave."
      Date of Record: March 16, 1789
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Un-named man
      Sex: Male
      Age: Not stated, but described as a "man."
      Date of Birth: Described as a "man" in 1762
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe Man"
      Notes: Offered for sale in 1762. Text of advertisement:
      To be SOLD, A NEGROE Man and Woman, who are both good House Negroes, and fit for either Town or Country Work. The Man is a good Whitewasher and Farmer, can plow, mow, and do all other Country Work. And the Woman can wash, iron and cook well. The will be disposed of reasonably, and are sold for no Fault. Enquire of William Bawsman, in Lancaster.

      Date of Record: October 7, 1762
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, October 7, 1762

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Un-named woman
      Sex: Female
      Age: Not stated, but described as a "woman."
      Date of Birth: Described as a "woman" in 1762
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe Woman"
      Notes: Offered for sale in 1762. See above for the text of advertisement.
      Date of Record: October 7, 1762
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette, October 7, 1762

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bayly, Margaret
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: Return for the slave child Rachel was made by Margaret Bayly's attorney James Bayly. On the same day, James Bayly also registered the slave child James for Hanna Bayly, widow of John Bayly.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Rachel
      Sex: Female
      Age: Five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: "born on or about December 27 1796"
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "female child"
      Notes: 1797 registration notes "daughter of Esther, a female slave."
      Date of Record: May 31, 1797
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bell, Patterson
    City or Township: West Fallowfield Township
    County: Chester
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes: No explanation is given as to why Bell registered his slaves in Lancaster.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Sex: Male
      Age: 35
      Date of Birth: 1745 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration notes "in Sussex County on Delaware, a slave during life."
      Date of Record: October 31, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Lid
      Sex: Female
      Age: 27
      Date of Birth: 1753 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro wench"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration notes "in Colerain twp, a slave during life."
      Date of Record: October 31, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Harry
      Sex: Male
      Age: 22
      Date of Birth: 1758 (calculated)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration notes "slave during life, Runaway."
      Date of Record: October 31, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Peter
      Sex: Male
      Age: 03
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration notes "in same [Colerain] twp, a slave during life."
      Date of Record: October 31, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bertholff, Baron de Beelen
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Michaels, Amos
      Sex: Male
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1795
      Status: Not determined
      Description:
      Notes: Source number 110 records the sale of "the services of a slave called Amos Michaels." It notes that "Baron de Beelen Bertholff on November 17, 1795, for 9 pounds and 10 shillings, transferred [Michaels] to James Hamilton." Hamilton then "transferred him to John Bicking" on July 21, 1799, and Bicking, on September 04, 1800, "re-assigned him to James Hamilton." It gives the source of this information as "Hist. Of Gazzam and de Beelen Families, p. 67."
      Date of Record: November 17, 1795
      Source: Clark,"Lancaster County's Relation to Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bethel, Susana
    City or Township: Hempfield Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Cato
      Sex: Male
      Age: 25a
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro man
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave for life."
      Date of Record: October 09, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

  • Slaveholder Name: Bevins, Wilder
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: Martick Ironworks. Martic Furnace was by this time under the ownership of Robert Coleman. Regarding Martic Ironworks and Robert Coleman, St. James Church historian H. M. J. Klein notes: "In his workings at Martic Forge, slave labor was employed. The burial ground of the slaves is on the left side of the road running from Marticville to Mt. Nebo."
    Sources: H. M. J. Klein, The History Of St. James’ Church (Protestant Episcopal) 1744-1944, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 1944, p. 105.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Isaac
      Sex: Male
      Age: "About 30 years of age"
      Date of Birth: Circa 1766
      Status: Slave for life; escaped
      Description: "Negro Man"
      Notes: Isaac escaped from the Martick Works on 19 June, 1796. Formerly owned by Mr. Slough in Lancaster. Text of runaway ad:
      "Thiry Dollars Reward. RAN away on Sunday night last, the 19th inst. from Martick Works, A Negro Man, named Isaac, about 30 years of age, 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high, a smooth-faced, easy-spoken, mannerly fellow, but fond of strong drink, and will take to excess if permitted. His clothing cannot be described, having a great variety, all which he has taken with him. He is well known in Lancaster, being formerly the property of Mr. Slough. It is probable he will be seen with watches, two of our workmen having missed theirs since his elopement.
      The above reward will be paid to any person apprehending and securing said Negro, and reasonable charges if brought home.
      Martick-Works, July 1, 1796. WILDER BEVINS."
      Date of Record: July 01, 1796
      Source: 97

  • Slaveholder Name: Bicking, John
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster?
    Occupation:
    Notes: County is not definitely established.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Amos Michaels
      Sex: Male
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ? Pre-1795
      Status: Not determined
      Description:
      Notes: Source number 110 records the sale of "the services of a slave called Amos Michaels." It notes that "Baron de Beelen Bertholff on November 17, 1795, for 9 pounds and 10 shillings, transferred [Michaels] to James Hamilton." Hamilton then "transferred him to John Bicking" on July 21, 1799, and Bicking, on September 04, 1800, "re-assigned him to James Hamilton." It gives the source of this information as "Hist. Of Gazzam and de Beelen Families, p. 67."
      Date of Record: November 17, 1795
      Source: Clark,"Lancaster County's Relation to Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bigham, James
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes: Bigham registered his slave Jack in 1780 "as possessor & owner."

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Sex: Male
      Age: 10
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life- Manumitted 1799
      Description: "Negro Boy"
      Notes: Jack was manumitted on condition he serve Bigham for six more years: "Know ye that James Bigham, of Drumore Township, hath for certain good causes emancipated and set free his negro man Jack on the 10th of August, 1799. Jack hath of his own free will covenanted to agree that he is to serve the said master six years, during which time the master is to find him in meat, drink, wearing apparel, boarding, lodging as formerly and also to allow him to do the business of a sexton for the congregation fo Chestnut Level; and the said Jack is to receive the perquisites for said service for his own use and receive two months' schooling for three years; and at the end of said time to receive the sum of 50 pounds and lay out a piece of land for his use and also a new suit of apparel, a new Bible, axe, mattock and hoe."
      Date of Record: October 03, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bigham, Judith
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Sex: Male
      Age: 10
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a Slave."
      Date of Record: October 03, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bigham, William
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Nan
      Sex: Female
      Age: 25
      Date of Birth: 1755 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Mulatto Woman
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a Slave." Mother of Isaac.
      Date of Record: October 03, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Kish
      Sex: Female
      Age: 03
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro Female Child
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a Slave."
      Date of Record: October 03, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Isaac
      Sex: Male
      Age: 01
      Date of Birth: 1787-June 04
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: Negro Male Child
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes "Son of Nance a Female Molatoe Slave."
      Date of Record: February 07, 1789
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780. | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Black, Aaron
    City or Township: Little Britain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jinn
      Sex: Female
      Age: 01
      Date of Birth: 1787-March
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: Negro Female Child
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes: "Daughter of Negro Moreeah a female Slave; Mother was duly Registered by William Montgomery at Lancaster."
      Date of Record: February 27, 1789
      Sources: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780 | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Blunston, Mr.
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: This may not be a real person. See notes for slave William Keith.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Keith, William
      Sex: Male
      Age: 40a
      Date of Birth: 1729 (calculated)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: Negro man
      Notes: Text of runaway ad, from the Pennsylvania Gazette, June 15, 1769: "York County, in Pennsylvania, June 10, 1769. RUN away, on the 13th of March last, from the Subscriber, at Sasquenanna, near Harris Ferry, a Negroe Man, called Will, alias William Keith; he is about 5 feet 9 Inches high, thin visaged, a little Pock marked, not very black, about 40 years old, a smooth talking Fellow, can be very mannerly, reads and writes, and is a Cooper by Trade and is also very handy about a Farmer's House; he is well acquainted in Philadelphia, having learnt his trade there, and lived several years ago with Dr. Graham, of that city; he had on, when he went away, a brown homespun Cloth Coat, pretty much worn, yellow buttons; an old white Flannel Jacket, Buckskin Breeches, and an old Felt Hat. He told on the Road, that he was a free Negroe, formerly belonging to one Mr. Blunston, of Lancaster County. Whoever takes up said Slave, and secures him, so that his Master, the subscriber, may have him again, shall have THREE POUNDS Reward, and reasonable Charges, paid by
      WILLIAM CHESNEY.
      N.B. All Masters of Vessels are requested not to carry him off."
      Date of Record: June 15, 1769
      Source: The Pennsylvania Gazette

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boal, William
    City or Township: Mount Joy Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Rachel
      Sex: Female
      Age: 07
      Date of Birth: 1773 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave during life." Mother of Jane, born March 03, 1795, and Ben, born January 08, 1799.
      Date of Record: October 25, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Jane
      Sex: Female
      Age: Three months old at Registration
      Date of Birth: "Born on or about March 3, 1795."
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1795 Registration notes "daughter of negro Rachel," a female slave.
      Date of Record: June 05, 1795
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Ben
      Sex: Male
      Age: Four months old at Registration
      Date of Birth: January 08, 1799
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto male child"
      Notes: 1799 Registration notes "son of negro Rachel."
      Date of Record: May 10, 1799
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boggs, Alexander
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer (County Clerk's records)
    Notes: Surname spelled Bogs in 1800 Septennial Census.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 21
      Date of Birth: 1779 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Caesar
      Sex: Male
      Age: 07
      Date of Birth: "Born in the fall of 1781."
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: Negro Male Child
      Notes:
      Date of Record: March 27, 1789
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780. | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me. . ."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boggs, Andrew
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: 1780 Slave Registrations included the phrase "enters as possessor."

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Luce
      Sex: Female
      Age: 14
      Date of Birth: 1766 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro female"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 28, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Bill
      Sex: Male
      Age: 10
      Date of Birth: 1770 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro male"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave."
      Date of Record: October 28, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boggs, Francis
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Eliza
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? (adult--under age 25)
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave to the age of 25
      Description: "Negress"/"Servant"
      Notes: Mother of Pompey, born June 06, 1819, Cate, born May 20, 1821, Dick, born September 03, 1822 and Lid, born February 20, 1824.
      Date of Record: September 20, 1819
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Pompey
      Sex: Male
      Age: Three months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: June 06, 1819
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Male negro child"
      Notes: Text of the 1819 Registration of Pompey: "Francis Boggs of Donegal Township, farmer, returns a male negro child named Pompey, son of negress Eliza, a servant to the said Francis Boggs until she arrives to the age of 25 years, said Pompey was born June 6, 1819."
      Date of Record: September 20, 1819
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Cate
      Sex: Female
      Age: About five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: "born on or about May 20, 1821"
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Child"
      Notes: Text of the 1821 Registration of Cate: "Francis Boggs of Donegal Township, farmer, returns Cate, a daughter of negro Eliza, a servant to the said Francis Boggs until she arrives to the age of 28 years. Said child was born on or about May 20, 1821."
      Date of Record: October 27, 1821
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Dick
      Sex: Male
      Age: About three months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: September 09, 1821
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Child"
      Notes: Text of the 1822 Registration of Dick: "Francis Boggs of Donegal Township, farmer, returns Dick a son of negress Eliza, a servant to the said Francis Boggs until he arrives to the age of 28 years, said child was born September 9, 1822."
      Date of Record: December 02, 1822
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Lid
      Sex: Female
      Age: About one month old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: February 20, 1824
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Child"
      Notes: Text of the 1824 Registration of Lid: "Francis Boggs of Donegal Township, farmer, returns Lid, a daughter of negro Eliza a servant to the said Francis Boggs until she arrives to the age of 28 years, said child was born February 20, 1824."
      Date of Record: March 16, 1824
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bossler, John
    City or Township: Heidelberg Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Merchant
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Rachel
      Sex: Female
      Age: 15a ("or thereabouts")
      Date of Birth: 1765 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies "slave for life."
      Date of Record: September 27, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Jane
      Sex: Female
      Age: 07a ("or thereabouts")
      Date of Birth: 1773 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies "slave for life."
      Date of Record: September 27, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bossler, Thomas
    City or Township: Heidelberg Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Miller
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: John
      Sex: Male
      Age: 40a
      Date of Birth: 1740 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life Slave Description: "Mulatto Man"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration describes John as "a Slave."
      Date of Record: September 29, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boulden, Levi
    City or Township:
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: Moved from Delaware to Lancaster County in 1814. In order to bring his three slaves, Eliza, Thomas, and James Staats, he had to agree to manumit them when they reached 28 years of age.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Staats, Eliza
      Sex: Female
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description:
      Notes: Manumitted in 1814 upon condition that she serve until 28 years of age. Source 110 notes: "Levi Boulden, of Delaware, petitions the Supreme Court and the Court of Common Pleas, setting forth that he had manumitted his three slaves, Eliza, Thomas and James Staats, to be free, when they arrive at the age of twenty-eight, and prays that he may be permitted to remove the said slaves into Lancaster county. This was April 11, 1814. The same day the Justices of the said Courts and of the General Quarter Sessions licensed the petitioner to export, see and carry out of Delaware for sale into Lancaster county, Pa., the three slaves, with the condition that they be free when twenty-eight years old."
      Date of Record: April 11, 1814
      Source: Clark,"Lancaster County's Relation to Slavery"

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Staats, Thomas
      Sex: Male
      Age: 11
      Date of Birth: 1803 (calculated)
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description:
      Notes: Manumitted in 1814 upon condition that he serve until 28 years of age. Source 110 notes: "Levi Boulden, of Delaware, petitions the Supreme Court and the Court of Common Pleas, setting forth that he had manumitted his three slaves, Eliza, Thomas and James Staats, to be free, when they arrive at the age of twenty-eight, and prays that he may be permitted to remove the said slaves into Lancaster county. This was April 11, 1814. The same day the Justices of the said Courts and of the General Quarter Sessions licensed the petitioner to export, see and carry out of Delaware for sale into Lancaster county, Pa., the three slaves, with the condition that they be free when twenty-eight years old." Source 110 cites documents showing that Levi Boulden sold his slaves Thomas Staats, age 11, and James Staats, age 09, to John Clark, to serve until they reach the respective ages of 28 years. The price for both slaves was $360.
      Date of Record: April 11, 1814
      Source: Clark,"Lancaster County's Relation to Slavery"

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Staats, James
      Sex: Male
      Age: 09
      Date of Birth: 1805 (calculated)
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description:
      Notes: Manumitted in 1814 upon condition that he serve until 28 years of age. Source 110 notes: "Levi Boulden, of Delaware, petitions the Supreme Court and the Court of Common Pleas, setting forth that he had manumitted his three slaves, Eliza, Thomas and James Staats, to be free, when they arrive at the age of twenty-eight, and prays that he may be permitted to remove the said slaves into Lancaster county. This was April 11, 1814. The same day the Justices of the said Courts and of the General Quarter Sessions licensed the petitioner to export, see and carry out of Delaware for sale into Lancaster county, Pa., the three slaves, with the condition that they be free when twenty-eight years old."
      Source 110 cites documents showing that Levi Boulden sold his slaves Thomas Staats, age 11, and James Staats, age 09, to John Clark, to serve until they reach the respective ages of 28 years. The price for both slaves was $360.
      Date of Record: April 11, 1814
      Source: Clark,"Lancaster County's Relation to Slavery"

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boulder, Nathan L., M.D.
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Attorney at Law
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Washington, George
      Sex: Male
      Age: 30a
      Date of Birth: 1791 (calculated)
      Status: Manumitted 1821
      Description: "Slave"
      Notes: Partial text of manumission document signed by Nathan L. Boulder, M.D., Attorney at Law, "resident at this time in the City of Lancaster. . .that some years ago I freed & gave full & entire liberty to my Slave George now about 30 years of age born in New Castle County & State of Delaware." The document also states that George "calls himself 'George Washington.' "
      Date of Record: July 30, 1821
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780, page 85

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Bowsman, John
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: "Practitioner of Physic"
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Dina
      Sex: Female
      Age: Eleven days old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: May 01, 1800
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Female negro child"
      Notes: 1800 Registration notes "daughter of Fanny," a negro female slave.
      Date of Record: May 12, 1800
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, John
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes: Surname is spelled "Boyde" in some records. Boyd also made the slave registrations for Elizabeth Tamer of York County.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Nancy
      Sex: Female
      Age: 06a
      Date of Birth: 1774 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave during life."
      Date of Record: October 26, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Rachel
      Sex: Female
      Age: 04a
      Date of Birth: 1776 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "slave during life."
      Date of Record: October 26, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, Nicholas
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Abraham
      Sex: Male
      Age: 36
      Date of Birth: 1764 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro man"
      Notes: Abraham was sold by William Porter to Nicholas Boyd in August, 1800, along with a brown mare and various household items, for 150 pounds in gold or silver coin. For the full text of the Bill of Sale, see "Porter, William."
      Date of Record: August 11, 1800
      Source: 112

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, Samuel
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Blacksmith
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Fanny
      Sex: Female
      Age: 34a
      Date of Birth: 1746 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe Female"
      Notes: 1780 Registration specifies "Slave."
      Date of Record: September 11, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Male
      Age: 50
      Date of Birth: 1750 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 50
      Date of Birth: 1750 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Sex: Male
      Age: 28a
      Date of Birth: 1752 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe Male"
      Notes: 1780 Registration specifies "Slave."
      Date of Record: September 11, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Jack
      Sex: Male
      Age: 28a
      Date of Birth: 1752 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negroe Male"
      Notes: 1780 Registration specifies "Slave."
      Date of Record: September 11, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, Samuel
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Bet
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? (adult)
      Date of Birth: ? (after March 01, 1780)
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Negress"
      Notes: Mother of Adam Parker and Ruth Parker, two children registered as slaves until age 28, and mother of Jean, born October 19, 1810.
      Date of Record: March 27, 1809
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Parker, Adam
      Sex: Male
      Age: Infant at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: April 23, 1806
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Negro male child"
      Notes: 1806 Registration notes "son of Negro Bet, a servant to 28 years." If Bet was indeed the child of a slave herself, this would make the enslavement of her son Adam illegal, according to the intent of the Gradual Abolition Act.

      In the 1850 U.S. Census--Martic Township, Lancaster County, on page 137, Adam Parker, age 50, is listed with the family of William Ambler. The family includes William Ambler, age 60, Farmer, with real estate valued at $4,000; Elizabeth Ambler, age 58; Thomas Ambler, age 24; Ann Ambler, age 18; Richard Nagle, age 10; Cornelia Debenshire, age 14; and Adam Parker, age 50. All are listed as having been born in Pennsylvania. Richard Nagle and Cornelia Debenshire are listed as having attended school within the year. Adam Parker is the only person designated as "Black" under the heading "Color," and is also listed under "Persons over 30 years of age who cannot read or write."  Adam is probably living with the Ambler family as a farm hand.  The census is dated 25 September, 1850.
      Date of Record: May 12, 1806
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Parker, Ruth
      Sex: Female
      Age: Six months old at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: September 28, 1808
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Female negress child"
      Notes: 1809 Registration notes "the daughter of negress Bet his female servant till the age of 28 years liable to serve until the said child attains the age of 28 years."
      Date of Record: March 27, 1809
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Jean
      Sex: Female
      Age: Six months old at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: October 19, 1810
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Female negro child"
      Notes: 1809 Registration notes "Samuel Boyd of Drumore Twp., farmer, returns a female negro child named Jean, who was born October 19, 1810, a daughter of negress Bett, his servant woman, liable to serve to the age of 28 years."
      Date of Record: April 17, 1811
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, Stephen
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Whiper, Bill
      Sex: Male
      Age: Four months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: February 22, 1804
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "A mulatto or mustee child"
      Notes: 1804 Registration notes "son of Nance." This birth date matches the birthdate of William Whipper, who was said to have been born in Little Britain Township. Little Britain Township was originally a part of Drumore Township, although the division had been made long before this birth was recorded and should have been indicated in the registration.
      Date of Record: July 26, 1804
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, Thomas
    City or Township: Pequea "near the Gap Tavern"
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes: Mentioned as a slaveowner in the runaway ad placed by Matthias Slough for "George." The ad, dated 1796, notes that Boyd was deceased. It is possible that George was sold to settle Boyd's estate.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Sex: Male
      Age: ?
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Not determined
      Description: "dark coloured Mulatto Man"
      Notes: Ran away in summer, 1796, with his pregnant wife. See the runaway ad for this slave, under "Slough, Matthias."
      Date of Record: August 05, 1796
      Source: 97

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Boyd, William
    City or Township: Salisbury Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Gentleman, Judge
    Notes: Surname is spelled "Boyde" in the 1780 Slave Registration for Cate. The 1789 Registrations for Tom, Toby and George list Boyd's occupation as "one of the Justices of the Peace and also one of the Justices of the County Court of Common Pleas in and for the said County of Lancaster residing in the Township of Salisbury." It is listed as "gentleman" in the registration for Deb, 1796.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Tobe or Toby
      Sex: Male
      Age: 3 years old at time of registration; 23 years old at time of running away.
      Date of Birth: "born February 1786" (Clerk's records, Lancaster County)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: (1789 Registration) "Mulatto male child;" (Runaway advertisement) "Mulatto man"
      Notes: Ran away from Daniel Buckley, of Brook Forge, Lancaster County. Buckley mentions in the runaway ad that Tobe was "bred by William Boyd, Esq. of Pequea." The Registration of Toby is dated March 31, 1789. Boyd registered Toby at Lancaster as "a son of the said negro Kitt." Tom, Toby and George were brothers and were all registered at the same time.
      See the runaway ad for this slave, under Daniel Buckley
      Date of Record: March 31, 1809
      Source: Lancaster Journal

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Sex: Male
      Age: 5 years old at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: "born February 21, 1784"
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto male child"
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes "a son of negro Kitt a female slave" Tom, Toby and George were brothers and were all registered at the same time.
      Date of Record: March 31, 1789
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: George
      Sex: Male
      Age: 15 months old at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: "born December 1787"
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto male child"
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes "also a son of the said negro Kitt." Tom, Toby and George were brothers and were all registered at the same time.
      Date of Record: March 31, 1789
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Cate
      Sex: Female
      Age: 12
      Date of Birth: 1768 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: Negro wench
      Notes: Mother of Sarah or Sook, born October 02, 1791 and registered by Boyd at Lancaster on January 24, 1792. (Source 67) Possibly also the mother, identified as "Kitt," of Tom, Toby and George, all slave children registered at Lancaster on March 31, 1789. (Source 119) Mother of Deb, born July 10, 1796, Mira, born February 08, 1799 and Ben, born November 27, 1803.
      Date of Record: October 28, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    5. Enslaved Person's Name: Sarah
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: 1791-October 02
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description:
      Notes: 1792 Registration notes "her mother Cathrine," which probably refers to "Cate," the 12 year-old slave registered by Boyd at Lancaster on October 28, 1780. (Source 102) See "Sook," below.
      Date of Record: January 24, 1792
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780.

    6. Enslaved Person's Name: Sook
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: 1791-October 02
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro girl"
      Notes: 1792 Registration notes "her mother Cathrine," which probably refers to "Cate," the 12 year-old slave registered by Boyd at Lancaster on October 28, 1780. (Source 102) Note also that the dates for Sook match those for Sarah, above, indicating that Sook and Sarah may be the same slave. This record came from the transcribed book of slave registrations, whereas the record for Sarah came from my transcription of the original returns.
      Date of Record: January 24, 1792
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    7. Enslaved Person's Name: Deb
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: 1796--July 10
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1796 Registration notes "daughter of negro Cate."
      Date of Record: September 30, 1796
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    8. Enslaved Person's Name: Mira
      Sex: Female
      Age: Infant at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: 1799--February 08
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Mulatto female child"
      Notes: 1799 Registration notes "daughter of negro Catharine."
      Date of Record: August 01, 1799
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    9. Enslaved Person's Name: Ben
      Sex: Male
      Age: Four months old at time of Registration.
      Date of Birth: November 27, 1803
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro male child"
      Notes: 1804 Registration notes "son of negro Kate."
      Date of Record: March 26, 1804
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Breading, David
    City or Township: Little Britain Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Yoeman
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Jane
      Sex: Female
      Age: 05
      Date of Birth: 1783-June 20
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro Female Child"
      Notes: 1789 Registration notes: "Daughter of Ruth Formerly a Female Negro Slave but now Liberated for want of Being Recorded." This brings up questions about the circumstances around Ruth's emancipation. Why was she not freed before the birth of this child in June of 1783, which was 31 months after the deadline for recording slaves? Was she brought into the state after the deadline? If she was freed before the birth of her daughter, why was the daughter held to bondage?
      Date of Record: March 02, 1789
      Source: Returns of Negro and Mulatto Children Born After the Year 1780. | "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me..."

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Breidenhart, Christopher
    City or Township: Lancaster Borough
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Yeoman
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Esther
      Sex: Female
      Age: 13a ("or thereabouts")
      Date of Birth: 1767 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description: "Negro Girl"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies "slave for life."
      Date of Record: September 19, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Breneman, Henry
    City or Township: Conestoga Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Caeser
      Sex: Male
      Age: 23
      Date of Birth: 1777 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the 1800 Septennial Census.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Brown, David
    City or Township: Drumore Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Nance
      Sex: Female
      Age: ? ("woman")
      Date of Birth: ?
      Status: Slave to the age of 26
      Description: "Black woman"
      Notes: Mother of Sam, born May 29 1810. According to Sam's Registration documentation, Nance was "manumitted in the State of Maryland and bound to [Brown] till that age" (26 years).
      Date of Record: October 22, 1810
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Sam
      Sex: Male
      Age: Five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: May 29, 1810
      Status: Slave to the age of 28
      Description: "Negro boy"
      Notes: 1810 Registration notes "David Brown of Drumore Twp., farmer, returns a negro boy named Sam, the son of his black woman named Nance, liable to serve till she arrive to the age of 26 years--she being manumitted in the State of Maryland and bound to him till that age--Said child was born May 29, 1810."
      Date of Record: October 22, 1810
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Buchanon, Widow
    City or Township: Donegal Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Widow
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: ???
      Sex: Female
      Age: 36
      Date of Birth: 1764 (calculated)
      Status: Slave for life
      Description:
      Notes: Enumerated in the Septennial Census of 1800.
      Date of Record: 1800
      Source: Pennsylvania Septennial Census Returns, 1779-1863.

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Buckley, Daniel
    City or Township: Salisbury Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer, Ironmaster
    Notes: Buckley lists his residence as Brook Forge in the runaway ad for Tobe (dated 1809). This fits with his occupation of "ironmaster," as recorded in the 1796 registration of the slave child Julia.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Tobe
      Sex: Male
      Age: 3 years old at time of registration; 23 years old at time of running away.
      Date of Birth: "born February 1786" (Clerk's records, Lancaster County)
      Status: Runaway
      Description: (1789 Registration) "Mulatto male child;" (Runaway advertisement) "Mulatto man"
      Notes: Text of runaway ad: "Twenty Dollars Reward, WILL be paid for apprehending a Mulatto man, named TOBE, about 5 feet 9 or 10 inches high--Went away on Saturday, the 25th of this instant. He is a good forgeman, and handy at any kind of farming business. Had on when he went away, a roundabout old coat, cloth trowsers and bad shoes. He is somewhat lame in one foot, having had his toes frozen in a drunken frolic two years ago--is much given to liquor, and is very saucy when intoxicated--otherwise a good servant--Was bred by William Boyd, Esq. of Pequea.
      Whoever secures said servant, in any jail in this state, so that he may be got again, shall have the above reward, by
      DANIEL BUCKLEY. Brook forge, Lancaster county, March 31, 1809."
      Date of Record: March 31, 1809
      Source: 97

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Tom
      Sex: Male
      Age: 15
      Date of Birth: 1765 (calculated)
      Status: Slave to age 31
      Description: "Mulatto boy"
      Notes: 1780 Slave Registration specifies status as "a slave untill he arrives at the age of 31 years."
      Date of Record: October 31, 1780
      Source: Slaves in Lancaster County in 1780

    3. Enslaved Person's Name: Julia
      Sex: Female
      Age: About six months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: April 01, 1796
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro female child"
      Notes: Julia's mother is not recorded in the registration book.
      Date of Record: September 28, 1796
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    4. Enslaved Person's Name: Mira
      Sex: Female
      Age: About five months old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: September 25, 1803
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Female mulatto child"
      Notes: 1804 Registration notes "daughter of Hestor."
      Date of Record: February 15, 1804
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "
       
    5. Slave Name: Dinah Scott
      Sex: Female
      Age:   Adult woman in 1796
      Date of Birth:  Not known
      Status:   To be freed on 30 July 1801
      Description: "Negro woman"
      Notes:  Bought from Amos Slaymaker on 2 January 1796 for 45 pounds.  Dinah is the mother of Abraham Scott, born February 1795 and registered by Slaymaker on 15 April 1795, and Lydia Scott, born 26 August 1799 and registered by Slaymaker on 25 November 1799.
      Date of Record: 2 January 1796
      Source:  Bill of Sale, Insert 3, Folder 16, Box 1, MG-268.  The Samuel R. Slaymaker II, White Chimneys Collection, Lancaster County Historical Society.

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Burd, James
    City or Township: Lancaster
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation:  Merchant
    Notes:  This appears to be the same James Burd who built Tinian near Middletown, Dauphin County in 1766.  According to Burd family history, his family took shelter in Lancaster during the French and Indian War before moving with him to a 500 acre tract of land on the east shore of the Susquehanna River.  See also the Dauphin County listings for Burd.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Name not given
      Sex: Male
      Age: "about 30 years of age"
      Date of Birth: 1735 (calculated)
      Status: slave for life
      Description: "Negroe man"
      Notes: Offered for sale in 1765. James Burd placed the following ad in the Pennsylvania Gazette:
      To be SOLD by JAMES BURD, in Lancaster, Wholesale or Retail, MADEIRA Wine, Teneriffe Ditto, Malaga Ditto, Jamaica Spirits, Antigua Rum, Philadelphia ditto, Brandy, Coffee, double refined Load Sugar, single and Lump ditto, and Muscovado Sugar. As likewise a Negroe Man, has had the Small Pox, about 30 Years of Age, fit for country Business; he drives a Waggon well, and is a very handy Fellow, and might be very serviceable at an Iron Works. Whoever inclines to purchase said Negroe, may have Time to pay the Money, fixing Security, and paying Interest.
      Date of Record: September 5, 1765
      Source: Accessible Archives, Pennsylvania Gazette, September 5, 1765, Item #36637

     

  • Slaveholder Name: Burg, John
    City or Township: Lancaster
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Jailor
    Notes: As jailor of Lancaster County, John Burg had charge of Blacks brought to him on suspicion of being runaway slaves. It was his responsibility to advertise to find the owner of these persons.

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Robinson, Jack
      Sex: Male
      Age: "about 25 years of age"
      Date of Birth: 1769 (calculated)
      Status: Suspected runaway slave for life
      Description: "Negroe man"
      Notes: Jailed in Lancaster in 1794 on suspicion of being a runaway slave. Jailor Burg placed the following ad in the Pennsylvania Gazette:
      WAS committed to my custody on the 20th of January last, on suspicion of being a runaway, a certain negroe man, who calls himself Jack Robinson, but says he is free and was born of free parents; he is about 25 years of age, five feet seven or eight inches high, appears to be a very artful, active fellow, and speak good English. His master (if he has any) is desired to come in three weeks from this date, pay charges, and take him away, otherwise he will be sold for his expences, by
      JOHN BURG, Gaoler.
      Lancaster county, March 24, 1794.
      Date of Record: March 26, 1794
      Source: Accessible Archives, Pennsylvania Gazette, March 26, 1794, Item #79560

  • Slaveholder Name: Buyers, Robert
    City or Township: Salisbury Township
    County: Lancaster
    Occupation: Farmer
    Notes:

    1. Enslaved Person's Name: Isaac
      Sex: Male
      Age: Three days old at Registration.
      Date of Birth: June 10, 1800
      Status: Slave to age 28
      Description: "Negro male child"
      Notes: 1800 Registration notes "son of Esther."
      Date of Record: June 13, 1800
      Source: "A RECORD of the returns made in writing and delivered to me "

    2. Enslaved Person's Name: Barney
      Sex: Male
      Age: "between eighteen and nineteen years of age" (from first ad)
      Date of Birth: circa 1767 or 1768
      Status: Slave for life; Repeated escape attempts
      Description: "Molatto man," "Mulatto slave"
      Notes: Barney made several escaped from Buyers, the first on April 16, 1786. Text of escape advertisement:
      Eight Dollars Reward.
      RAN away from the subscriber, living in Salsbury township, Lancaster county, on the 16th instant, a molatto man, named BARNEY, between eighteen and nineteen years of age; five feet nine or ten inches high; has a large scar over his left eye; and shews his teeth much when he laughs; had on, and carried with him, a wine stone colored coat, a buck-skin jacket, one pair of white woollen trowsers, and one pair of striped cotton ditto, one pair of blue and white woollen stockings, an old felt hat, one new tow shirt, one yellow silk handkerchief, one red and white ditto, one pair of coarse leather shoes, tied with thongs.
      Any person apprehending and securing said Runaway, so that his master may have him again, shall receive the above reward from
      ROBERT BUYERS.
      April 18th, 1786.
      Buyers recovered Barney, but the enslaved man escaped again six years later on June 12, 1792. Buyers waited more than a month before advertiseing for him, suggesting that he believed he could easily recover Barney locally on his own, or that Barney would return on his own, possible assumptions based on his experience with Barney's first escape attempt.
      "FIVE POUNDS Reward.
      RAN away from the subscriber, living in Salisbury township, Lancaster county, on the 12th of June last, a Mulatto slave, named BARNEY, about twenty-six years of age, five feet ten or eleven inches high, of a very strong make, has a large scar over his right eye, and shews his teeth much when he laughs, he can read and write, he understands all kinds of farmer business, and can play the fiddle; had on, and took with him, a fustian coat and jacket, a striped ditto, a pair of blue and white striped cotton trowsers, a pair of tow ditto, a pair of white cotton stockings, calf-skin pumps, with large plated buckles, a fine shirt, a red silk handkerchief, and a wool hat almost new; he is an artful fellow, and perhaps has a pass; it is likely he will change his name and his clothes, and try to pass for a freeman. Any person apprehending and securing said runaway, so that his master may have him again, shall receive the above reward, and, if brought home, reasonable charges, paid by ROBERT BUYERS.
      N.B. All masters of vessels, and others are forbid to harbour or carry him off, at their peril.
      July 23, 1792."
      Date of Record: April 18, 1786; August 08, 1792
      Source: The Freeman's Journal, or The North-American Intelligencer, 19 April 1786; Accessible Archives--Pennsylvania Gazette, Item #78432.

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